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Global trends in renewable energy investment 2013

Global trends in renewable energy investment 2013

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The 2013 Global Trends report concentrates on renewable power and fuels and does not cover energy-smart technologies such as smart grid, electric vehicles and power storage

The 2013 Global Trends report concentrates on renewable power and fuels and does not cover energy-smart technologies such as smart grid, electric vehicles and power storage

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Published by: United Nations Environment Programme on Nov 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2013

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GLOBAL TRENDS IN RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENT 2013
 
Frankfurt School-UNEP Centre/BNEF. 2013. Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2013, http://www.fs-unep-centre.org (Frankfurt am Main)Copyright © Frankfurt School of Finance & Management gGmbH 2013.
This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part in any form for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holder, as long as provided acknowledgement of the source is made. Frankfurt School – UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication that uses this publication as source.No use of this publication may be made for resale or for any other commercial purpose whatsoever without prior permission in writing from Frankfurt School of Finance & Management gGmbH.
Disclaimer
Frankfurt School of Finance & Management: The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Moreover, the views expressed do not necessarily represent the decision or the stated policy of the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, nor does citing of trade names or commercial processes constitute endorsement.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..................................................................................................................................... 4FOREWORD FROM BAN KI-MOON ................................................................................................................... 5FOREWORDS FROM ACHIM STEINER, CHRISTIANA FIGUERES AND UDO STEFFENS .................................... 6LIST OF FIGURES ................................................................................................................................................ 7METHODOLOGY AND DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................. 9KEY FINDINGS .................................................................................................................................................... 11EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................................................... 12
- Bitter-sweet $244 billion- South up, North down- Box on investment in 2013
1. INVESTMENT BY TYPE OF ECONOMY ................................................................................................... 20
 - Developed versus developing countries - Detailed comparisons by country - Developed economies - China, India and Brazil - Other developing economies
2. PUTTING SUSTAINABLE ENERGY INTO PERSPECTIVE .......................................................................... 30
 - Overall energy trends - Technology costs - Decreasing subsidy dependence - Energy access - Climate stabilisation - Box on carbon capture and storage - Box on energy-smart technologies
3. FOCUS CHAPTER: EVOLUTION OF POLICIES TO SUPPORT RENEWABLES INVESTMENT .................... 38
 - European Union - United States - Emerging markets
4. ASSET FINANCE ...................................................................................................................................... 44
 - Box on large hydro-electric projects
5. SMALL-SCALE PROJECTS ....................................................................................................................... 50
 - Box on solar water heaters
6. PUBLIC MARKETS ................................................................................................................................... 567. VENTURE CAPITAL AND PRIVATE EQUITY ............................................................................................ 628. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ........................................................................................................... 689. ACQUISITION ACTIVITY ......................................................................................................................... 7210. SOURCES OF INVESTMENT SOME KEY TRENDS ................................................................................ 76
 - Funds - Green bonds - Development banks - Crowd funding
GLOSSARY ......................................................................................................................................................... 82
TABLE OF CONTENTS

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