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History of the Kingship Roles of Osogbo

History of the Kingship Roles of Osogbo

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Osogbo is the capital of Osun State in Nigeria
Osogbo is the capital of Osun State in Nigeria

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Published by: ADEBISI JELEEL ADEKUNLE on Nov 12, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/18/2014

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 1
󰁁 󰁂󰁒󰁉󰁅󰁆 󰁈󰁉󰁓󰁔󰁏󰁒󰁙 󰁏󰁆 󰁁󰁔󰁁󰁏󰁊󰁁 󰁏󰁆 󰁏󰁓󰁏󰁇󰁂󰁏
󰁗󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁩󰁮󰀭󰁤󰁥󰁰󰁴󰁨 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁧󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁷, 󰁉 A󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁊󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁥󰁬 A󰁤󰁥󰁫󰁵󰁮󰁬󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁭󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁺󰁥󰁤 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮, 󰁷󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁉 󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁩󰁮 󰁏󰁳󰁵󰁮 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁥. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁡󰁣󰁫 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 1670󰁳. 󰁔󰁯 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁴 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁡 󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴, 󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁭󰁵󰁳󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁰󰁥󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁴󰁡󰁫󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁴󰁯󰁤󰁡󰁹.
󰁏󰁷󰁡 󰁌󰁡󰁡󰁧󰁥
 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 6󰁴󰁨
󰁏󰁷󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁫󰁩
 󰁯󰁦
󰁉󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁏󰁭󰁵
. 󰁈󰁥 󰁧󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁥󰁥 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁷󰁨󰁯 󰁷󰁥󰁲󰁥
󰁌󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁭󰁯
 (󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁴),
󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥
 󰁡󰁮󰁤
󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥
 (󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁹󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁳󰁴). 󰁌󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁡󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 7󰁴󰁨 󰁏󰁷󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁫󰁩 󰁯󰁦 󰁉󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁏󰁭󰁵. 󰁗󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁩󰁥󰁤, 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥, 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁹󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁲 󰁢󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁭 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 8󰁴󰁨 󰁏󰁷󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁫󰁩 󰁯󰁦 󰁉󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁏󰁭󰁵. D󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁩󰁧󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁤󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁬󰁡󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󰁬󰁯󰁮󰁧  󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁤. A 󰁨󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁏󰁹󰁯 (
󰁏󰁬󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁨󰁩󰁮
) 󰁷󰁨󰁯 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁣󰁱󰁵󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁨󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁤, 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁲󰁵󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁤󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁉󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁏󰁭󰁵 󰁴󰁯 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁹. 󰁗󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁨󰁥 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁯󰁬󰁤, 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁩󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁣󰁥󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁭 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁨󰁩󰁭 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁷 󰁰󰁯󰁰󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁏󰁳󰁵󰁮 󰁒󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁤󰁡󰁹 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁤 󰁏󰁬󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁨󰁩󰁮󲀙󰁳 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁹. 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁤󰁩󰁶󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁳/󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁦󰁡󰁶󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁧󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁤󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁥󰁷󰁬󰁹 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴, 󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁭󰁯󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹. 󰁈󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁹󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁲 󰁢󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁭󰁯󰁶󰁥 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯.
󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁨󰁹 󰁮󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁢󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁁󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁢󰁥󰁣󰁡󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁦󰁡󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁮󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰀮
󰁈󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥, 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁣󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁥󰁲 (1󰁳󰁴 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯) 󰁩󰁮 1670 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁤 󰁯󰁦 90 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁬 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁤󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁨 󰁩󰁮 1760. 󰁈󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁮󰁯 󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁯󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁢󰁥󰁧󰁯󰁴 󰁡 󰁤󰁡󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤
󰁁󰁢󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁥
󰁷󰁨󰁯 󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁮 󰁏󰁦󰁦󰁡 󰁭󰁡󰁮 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤
󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁪󰁩󰁮
 
󰁌󰁯󰁫󰁵󰁳󰁯
 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁹 󰁧󰁡󰁶󰁥  󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁯
󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩
. 󰁏󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥, 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁹󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁲 󰁢󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁣󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 2󰁮󰁤 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁯󰁲 20󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 1760 󰁡󰁮󰁤 1780. 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁧󰁯󰁴
󰁁󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁓󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁢󰁵
 󰁡󰁮󰁤
󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁫󰁡󰁮
. A󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁓󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁢󰁵 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁡󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 3󰁲󰁤 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁥󰁤  󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 1780 󰁡󰁮󰁤 1810 󰁳󰁰󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁤 󰁯󰁦 30󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳.
 
 2A󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁓󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁢󰁵 󰁢󰁥󰁧󰁯󰁴 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁮󰁡󰁭󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁇󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁭󰁵. A󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦 A󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁓󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁢󰁵, 󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁫󰁡󰁮󲀙󰁳 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁤 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤
󰁁󰁤󰁥󰁹󰁩󰁮󰁫󰁡
 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁇󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁭󰁵 󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁯󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁮󰁯󰁷󰁢󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁡 󰁲󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁬 󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁳. 󰁉󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥  󰁢󰁩󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁤󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁳,
󰁁󰁢󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁥
 (󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁤 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥) 󰁷󰁨󰁯 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥, 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁳󰁥󰁮 (󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁮󰁯 󰁳󰁯󰁮) 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯. 󰁓󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁰󰁥󰁮󰁴 2󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 1810 󰁡󰁮󰁤 1812. 󰁗󰁨󰁥󰁮 A󰁢󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁥 󰁰󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁮, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤
󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡
 (󰁤󰁡󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 A󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁓󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁢󰁵) 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁧󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁩󰁮 1812. 󰁓󰁨󰁥 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁡󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁬 󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁨 󰁩󰁮 1815.
󰁏󰁪󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁬󰁥󰁬󰁥
(󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁨󰁵󰁳󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁤) 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁨󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁲. 󰁈󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁢󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲,
󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩
 (󰁐󰁲󰁯󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁲 󰁯󰁦
󰁏󰁹󰁩󰁰󰁩
 󰁲󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁬 󰁦󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁹) 󰁴󰁯 󰁬󰁯󰁯󰁫 󰁡󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁦󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁴 (󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡) 󰁡󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁨󰁥 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁷󰁡󰁹 󰁯󰁮 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳. 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩, 󰁡 󰁣󰁲󰁡󰁦󰁴󰁳󰁭󰁡󰁮, 󰁴󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁬󰁹 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁡󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁮 A󰁬󰁡󰁡󰁦󰁩󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁹󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁯󰁬󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁨󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁭󰁥 󰁢󰁹 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁉󰁪󰁥󰁳󰁡 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁢󰁥 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 󰁏󰁹󰁯. 󰁈󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁥 󰁣󰁲󰁯󰁷󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁵󰁢󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁏󰁢󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯. 󰁈󰁩󰁳 󰁨󰁥󰁡󰁤 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁳󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁫 󰁯󰁦 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁹󰁯 󰁴󰁯 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁭󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁦 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁥󰁷 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁤󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁥 󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁥󰁸󰁩󰁬󰁥.
 󰁎󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁨󰁵󰁳󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁩󰁭 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁥󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁯󰁷󰁮󰀮
󰁉󰁮 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁡󰁧󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁢󰁹 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁬 󰁣󰁲󰁯󰁷󰁮󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁰󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁥 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁵󰁲 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲󰁳/󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁷󰁨󰁯 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁮󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁣󰁲󰁯󰁷󰁮󰁳.
 󰁁󰁣󰁣󰁯󰁲󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥󰀬 󰁁󰁬󰁡󰁡󰁦󰁩󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁹󰁯󰀭󰁉󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁮󰀬 󰁓󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁯 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁲󰁹󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁰󰁥󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁉󰁪󰁥󰁳󰁡 󲀓 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁣󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁡  󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁤 󰁉󰁪󰁥󰁳󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁳 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁧󰁵󰁲󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁷󰀮
 D󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁩󰁧󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁯󰁹󰁩󰁰󰁩, 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁦󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁹 󰁷󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁧󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁮 󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯. 󰁏󰁬󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁪󰁯󰁢󰁩 󰁏󰁬󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁉 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 1854 󲀓 1864 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥 󰁯󰁦 A󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁏󰁬󰁵󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁏󰁬󰁵󰁧󰁢󰁥󰁪󰁡 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁉󰁉 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁩󰁮 1903 󲀓 1917. 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁮 1920, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁥 󰁰󰁥󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁧󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 (󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁫󰁮󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁡󰁳 󰁏󰁹󰁩󰁰󰁩) 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁣󰁥󰁦󰁵󰁬 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁡 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁬 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁦󰁵󰁬 󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁯󰁬 󰁢󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯. C󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁡󰁢󰁯󰁶󰁥, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁢󰁯󰁴󰁨 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁡 󰁭󰁥󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁵󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁳. 󰁉󰁴 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧
 
 3󰁦󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁥󰁳 (󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩, 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥) 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁢󰁥 󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤  󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁧󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁰󰁳: 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁧󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁰 󰁢󰁥󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩/󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥
󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮
 (󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁢󰁯󰁴󰁨 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 A󰁢󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡) 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁤 󰁧󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁰 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 (
󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯
) 󰁧󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁰 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥
󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮
. 󰁉󰁴 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮/󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁥󰁸󰁴 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁲󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁬 󰁦󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁣󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁺󰁥󰁤 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁏󰁬󰁵󰁡󰁷󰁯󰀭󰁏󰁢󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁇󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁭󰁵. 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩/󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁩󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 A󰁢󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁥 (󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁤󰁡󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯󰁯󰁹󰁥) 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 󰁏󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁷󰁡 (󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥) A󰁳 󰁡 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮,
󰁋󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁷󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁁󰁬󰁡󰁢󰁩
(󰁡 󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁴 󰁧󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁤 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥) 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁢󰁳󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 1920. 󰁈󰁥 󰁰󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁷󰁡󰁹 󰁩󰁮 1933. 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁮
󰁓󰁡󰁭󰁵󰁥󰁬 󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁤󰁯󰁫󰁵󰁮
(󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩/󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩, 󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮) 󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡. A󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁤󰁯󰁫󰁵󰁮, 󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦
󰁓󰁡󰁭󰁵󰁥󰁬 󰁁󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁁󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁬󰁥
󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁩󰁮 1944 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. 󰁗󰁨󰁥󰁮 A󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁬󰁥 󰁰󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 1975,
󰁉󰁹󰁩󰁯󰁬󰁡 󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁷󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁉󰁉󰁉
󰁡󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁩󰁮 1976 󰁯󰁮 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭 󰁯󰁦 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩/󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 (󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮). 󰁈󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁬 2010 󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁮 A󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁨 󰁴󰁯󰁯󰁫 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁯󰁵󰁬. 󰁉󰁮 󰁯󰁲 󰁡󰁢󰁯󰁵󰁴 1957, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁤󰁩󰁦󰁩󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁹 󰁤󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁹 D󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 1957 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁣󰁣󰁯󰁲󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁸󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁭. 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁷󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩/󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁒󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁈󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁒󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁈󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥, 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧󰁬󰁹 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁴. D󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁩󰁧󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁢󰁡 󰁏󰁹󰁥󰁷󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 A󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁹 D󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 2005 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁳 󰁮󰁡󰁭󰁥󰁬󰁹: 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩, 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯, 󰁏󰁹󰁩󰁰󰁩, 󰁌󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯. 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 2005 󰁤󰁯󰁥󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁴 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁥 󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡. 󰁉󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁤󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁯󰁵󰁳 󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 1957, 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁳 󰁡 󰁷󰁩󰁤󰁥 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹. 󰁌󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁮󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁢󰁥󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 A󰁴󰁡󰁯󰁪󰁡 󰁯󰁦 󰁏󰁳󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯. 󰁍󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁏󰁹󰁩󰁰󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁩󰁬 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 (󰁌󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩/󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁩). 󰁌󰁡󰁲󰁯 󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁬󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁤󰁹 󰁡 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧󰁬󰁹 󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁮󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁥 (󰁓󰁯󰁧󰁢󰁯).

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