International Organization for Self-Determination and Equality (IOSDE)
Kopparslagargränd 2 83151 Östersund, Sweden ph: +46 (0) 70 283 4808 email@example.com www.iosde.org
IOSDE: an equal future starts with an equal now
IOSDE Statement on Self-Determination, Peace and Conflict, Security and Decolonizing Domestic Abuse and Redefining Aggression
Indigenous and Tribal Peoples experience a violence and aggression against dignity as colonial dependents via discriminatory State and international laws, mechanisms and policies. That violence can be understood as similar to the emotional violence that a domestic dependent experiences when she or he cannot exit an abusive relationship due to dependency, danger and surrounding external societal discrimination: “When indigenous peoples have reacted and tried to assert their rights, they have suffered physical abuse, imprisonment, torture and even death.”
It is imperative that the United Nations (UN) remedies human rights violations occurring to Indigenous and Tribal Peoples by striving to create international peace through formally and institutionally redefining war, conflict and aggression to include not only armed conflict, but also culturally oppressive State policies and international political segregation that are designed to prevent Indigenous and Tribal Peoples from formally decolonizing in a transparent and self-determined, as well as in an internally FPIC (
free, prior and informed consent
)-based manner. It fact, such steps are the duty of the United Nations as an organization, and at the very foundation of its promotion and protection of human rights according to UN Charter Chapter I (Purposes and Principles) Article 1.
The General Assembly Resolution
Definition of Aggression
must be expanded to violence and abuse that occurs not only via force or weapons, but exclusive State sociopolitical structuring and repressed self-determination. In addition to State militarization of Indigenous and Tribal territories so as to be able to utilize Indigenous and Tribal lands for resource extraction and other purposes, identified ‘weapons of mass destruction’ in the
definition of aggression
must include policies and systems, including segregated, exclusive States-only UN Membership, that result in State-sponsored cultural discrimination, international political and judicial dominance, a denial of the right to say ‘no’ to land-grabbing and foreign visions of political and legal systems and ‘development’ (as well as violations of
free, prior and informed consent
), and high crime and suicide rates in Indigenous communities as a result of still-enforced colonialism and denied territorially- and politically-based decolonization and thus self-determination.
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), Division for Social Policy and Development, Secretariat of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues “State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples”, New York, 2009, p. 92.
“The element of ‘free’ implies no coercion, intimidation or manipulation; ‘prior’ implies that consent is obtained in advance of the activity associated with the decision being made, and includes the time necessary to allow indigenous peoples to undertake their own decision-making processes; ‘informed’ implies that indigenous peoples have been provided all information relating to the activity and that that information is objective, accurate and presented in a manner and form understandable to indigenous peoples; ‘consent’ implies that indigenous peoples have agreed to the activity that is the subject of the relevant decision, which may also be subject to conditions.”
EMRIP (UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples), Advice No. 2 (2011): “Indigenous peoples and the right to participate in decision-making”, para. 25.
UN Charter, Chapter I (Purposes and Principles), Article 1. “The Purposes of the United Nations are: 1. To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace.”