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Chapter 2 Square Square Roots Cubes & Cubes Roots

# Chapter 2 Square Square Roots Cubes & Cubes Roots

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06/14/2013

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Module PMR
CHAPTER 2SQUARES,SQUARE ROOTS.CUBES AND CUBE ROOTSA. SQUARES
-a number multiply by itself -a
2
= a × a-examples :a). 2
2
= 2 × 2 = 4b). ( - 4 )
2
= ( -4 ) × ( -4 ) = 16c). (
)53
2
= (
53
) × (
53
) =
259
d). ( 0.3 )
2
= 0.3 × 0.3 = 0.09-the square of any number is greater than zero and is
always positive
.
B. SQUARE ROOTS
-the square roots of any number is the number when multiplied by itself,equals to the given number.(inverse operation of squaring that number)-If
x
= a
2
, then
aaaa x
=×==
2
-examples :a).
3339
=×=
b).
32332294
=××=
c).
6.06.06.036.0
=×=
-some fractions are required to
reduce to the lowest terms
in order tofind the square roots.-examples:a).
32332294188
=××==
-to find the square roots of a mixed number,
change the mixednumber into an improper fraction.
-example :a).
565566253625111
=××==
- The square root of
negative
numbers
do not exist
Squares, Square Roots,Cubes & Cube Roots
10

Module PMR
SQUARESSQUARE ROOTS
1
2
=

1
1
= 12
2
= 4
4
= 23
2
= 9
9
= 34
2
= 16
16
= 45
2
= 25
25
= 56
2
= 36
36
= 67
2
= 49
49
= 78
2
= 64
64
= 89
2
= 81
81
= 910
2
= 100
100
= 1011
2
= 121
121
= 1112
2
= 144
144
= 1213
2
= 169
169
= 1314
2
= 196
196
= 1415
2
= 225
225
= 1516
2
= 256
256
= 1617
2
= 289
289
= 1718
2
= 324
324
= 1819
2
= 361
361
= 1920
2
= 400
400
= 20
Squares, Square Roots,Cubes & Cube Roots
11

Module PMR
C. CUBES
-a number multiply by itself twice-a
3
= a x a x a-examples :a). 3
3
= 3 x 3 x 3 = 27b). (
32
)
3
=
278323232
=××
c). ( 0.2 )
3
= 0.2 x 0.2 x 0.2 = 0.008d). ( - 5 )
3
= ( - 5 ) x ( - 5 ) x ( - 5 ) = - 125- The cube of a
positive
number is
positive
- The cube of a
negative
number is
negative.D. CUBE ROOTS
-a number when multiply by itself twice, equal to the given number.-
aaaaa
=××=
333
-examples :a).
22228
33
=××=
b).
525552221258
33
=××××=
c).
6.06.06.06.0216.0
33
=××=
d).
4)4()4()4(64
33
=××=
- The cube root of a
positive
number is
positive
, the cube root of a
negative
number is
negative.
Squares, Square Roots,Cubes & Cube Roots
12