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lavabit_brief_of_us.pdf

lavabit_brief_of_us.pdf

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Published by Andrew Blake
lavabit_brief_of_us.pdf
lavabit_brief_of_us.pdf

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Published by: Andrew Blake on Nov 13, 2013
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11/13/2013

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IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
  ______________________  Nos. 13-4625(L); 13-4626  ______________________ UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff -
 Appellee,
 v. UNDER SEAL 1; UNDER SEAL 2,
Parties-In-Interest-Appellants.
  ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia at Alexandria
The Honorable Claude M. Hilton, Senior District Judge
  ________________________ BRIEF OF THE UNITED STATES  ________________________ D
ANA
J.
 
B
OENTE
 A
CTING
United States Attorney M
ICHAEL
B
EN
’A
RY
 A
 NDREW
P
ETERSON
 J
AMES
L.
 
T
RUMP
 United States Attorney’s Office Eastern District of Virginia 2100 Jamieson Avenue Alexandria, VA 22314 (703) 299-3700
 
M
YTHILI
AMAN
 A
CTING
A
SSISTANT
A
TTORNEY
G
ENERAL
,
 
C
RIMINAL
D
IVISION
  N
ATHAN
J
UDISH
 J
OSH
G
OLDFOOT
 B
ENJAMIN
F
ITZPATRICK 
 B
RANDON
V
AN
G
RACK 
 U.S. Department of Justice 950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20530
Appeal: 13-4625 Doc: 51 Filed: 11/12/2013 Pg: 1 of 59
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ................................................................................... iii ISSUES PRESENTED
 
.............................................................................................. 1 STATEMENT OF THE CASE AND FACTS .......................................................... 1 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT .............................................................................. 11 ARGUMENT ........................................................................................................... 13 I. BECAUSE LAVABIT FORFEITED NEARLY ALL THE ARGUMENTS IN ITS BRIEF BY FAILING TO RAISE THEM BELOW, THE STANDARD OF REVIEW IS PLAIN ERROR AT BEST. ......................... 13 A. Issues Not Before the Court ............................................................... 13 B. The Standard of Review ...................................................................... 14 II. THE DISTRICT COURT PROPERLY ORDERED LAVABIT TO DISCLOSE ITS ENCRYPTION KEYS PURSUANT TO THE PEN/TRAP STATUTE. ..................................................................................................... 19 A. Statutory Background ......................................................................... 20 B. The District Court Orders Demanding Lavabit’s Encryption Keys Were Lawful, as This Information Was Necessary to the Installation and Operation of the Pen/Trap Device. ............................ 23 III. THE SEARCH WARRANT ISSUED BY THE DISTRICT COURT LAWFULLY COMPELLED LAVABIT TO PRODUCE ITS ENCRYPTION KEYS TO THE GOVERNMENT ...................................... 30 A. The Search Warrant Was Properly Issued Under The Stored Communications Act. ......................................................................... 32 B. The Warrant Did Not Impose an Unreasonable Burden on Lavabit . .......................................................................................... 37
Appeal: 13-4625 Doc: 51 Filed: 11/12/2013 Pg: 2 of 59
 
 
ii IV. THE FOURTH AMENDMENT DOES NOT PROHIBIT OBTAINING ENCRYPTION KEYS FOR THE PURPOSE OF DECRYPTING COMMUNICATIONS THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS LAWFULLY AUTHORIZED TO COLLECT. ................................................................... 42 CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................ 47 CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE ...................................................................... 49 CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE ............................................................................... 50
Appeal: 13-4625 Doc: 51 Filed: 11/12/2013 Pg: 3 of 59

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