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Table Of Contents

Acronyms and Abbreviations
1. Introduction
A. Purpose
B. Who Will Use the Manual?
C. Organization of the Manual
2. Why Manage School Indoor Air Quality?
A. Introduction
B. Health Symptoms and Problems
C. Increased Spread of Infectious Diseases
D. Sensitivity of Children to Indoor Contaminants
E. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
F. Reduced Productivity in Students, Teachers, and Staff
G. Strained Relationships
H. Potential for Room or Building Closures and Occupant Relocation
I. Deterioration of Buildings and Equipment
J. Increased Liability and Risk
K. Special Considerations in Schools
L. Indoor Air Quality in Washington State Schools
M. Preventing and Managing School IAQ Problems
3. Factors Influencing Indoor Air Quality
B. Outside Sources of Contamination
C. Building Components and Furnishings
D. Building Equipment
Other Building Equipment
E. Human Activities
F. Other Sources
G. Pollutant Pathways
H. Temperature Variations and Comfort
I. The Effects of Humidity on Comfort Levels
J. Ventilation to Meet Occupant Needs
K. Air Flow Patterns in Buildings
L. Occupants Particularly Susceptible to Indoor Air Contaminants
M. Sick Building Syndrome
N. Building-Related Illness
4. Basic Strategies for Good Indoor Air Quality
Recommended Strategies for Good Indoor Air Quality
B. Manage Contaminants at the Source
C. Use Local Exhaust for Problem Areas
E. Control Exposure - Time, Amount, and Products
F. Filter the Air
G. Educate Everyone on IAQ
H. Designate an Indoor Air Quality Coordinator
5. Siting Schools for Good Indoor Air Quality
Recommended Practices for School Siting
B. Conduct an Environmental Site Assessment
C. Analyze the Local Climate
D. Analyze Nearby Air Quality and Emission Sources
E. Analyze for Radon and other Environmental Factors
F. Document Findings
6. Designing Schools for Good Indoor Air Quality
Recommended Practices for School Design
B. Ensure the Design Team Knows About IAQ
C. Prepare an Indoor Pollutant Source Control Plan
E. Provide Funding and Schedule for IAQ
F. Plan the Site and Building for IAQ
G. Design for Control of Radon and Other Contaminants
H. Design for Control of Sewer Gas
I. Include an Effective Entry Mat System
J. HVAC Design Recommendations
K. Control Interior Temperature, Humidity and Other Conditions
L. Properly Select and Place Control Systems
M. Advantages and Disadvantages of HVAC Systems for Classrooms
N. Design to Facilitate Operation and Maintenance
O. Integrate IAQ Measures with Energy Management
P. Target and Evaluate Materials, Interior Finishes, and Furnishings
Q. Identify Cancer-Causing Agents and Reproductive Toxins
R. Collect and Evaluate Material and Product Information
S. Consider Meeting Emission Rate Guidelines
T. Develop Specifications for Targeted Materials
U. Pre-Condition Furnishings and Materials
V. Document Design Decisions
D. Commission the Building
E. Monitor Air Quality
F. Train Maintenance Staff
G. Document Design and Construction
H. Flush Air Before and After Occupancy
I. Bake-Out before Occupancy?
J. Take Precautions During Remodeling or Renovation
8. Operating and Maintaining HVAC Systems
A. Recommended Practices for Operating and Maintaining HVAC
B. Assign Responsibilities for Operation and Maintenance
C. Document the HVAC System
D. Establish Maintenance Standards
E. Inspect and Maintain HVAC Systems and Components
F. Control Temperature and Humidity
G. Record Inspections and Maintenance
H. Train on Personal Protective Equipment and Safety Standards
9. Controlling General Contaminant Sources
Recommendations for Controlling General Contaminant Sources
B. Develop an Asthma Management Plan
C. Prevent and Eliminate Mold
E. Control Cleaning and Maintenance Materials
F. Control Dust
H. Control Asbestos
B. Offices and Classrooms
C. Properly Ventilate Staff Work Rooms and Printing Rooms
D. Clean and Ventilate Food Handling Areas
E. Locker Rooms
F. Science Rooms
G. Art and Theater Rooms
H. Vocational Art Areas
I. Swimming Pools
11. Organizing to Maintain Good Indoor Air Quality
Recommended Practices for Organizing to Maintain Good Indoor Air Quality
B. Designate an Indoor Air Quality Coordinator for Building Operations
C. Prepare an IAQ Management Plan
D. Provide Training and Education
E. Communicate with Staff, Students, Parents, and Other Interest Groups
F. Be Proactive In Managing IAQ Problems
12. Other Resources
Federal Government
State of Washington
Publications and Resource Lists
Private/Non-Profit
Asthma
Mold
Science Labs and Materials
Hiring Professional Assistance
Integrated Pest Management
Getting Rid of Hazardous Materials
Appendix A Chapter 246-366 WAC Primary and Secondary Schools
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Environmental Protection Agency: schooliaqbmp

Environmental Protection Agency: schooliaqbmp

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Published by: Environmental Documents on Jan 28, 2008
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