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Published by glennpease

For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. —
I Cor. XV. 22.

For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. —
I Cor. XV. 22.

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Published by: glennpease on Nov 13, 2013
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DEATH BY ADAM AD LIFE BY CHRIST. BY J. COGSWELL, D. D For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. — I Cor. XV. 22. It is a fact well known to every Christian, that the greater the advancement he makes in holiness, the more clearly he sees God in every event of his provi- dence. When churches enjoy a refreshing season, God appears to be in the midst of them speaking to them by his servants ; and every instance of conver- sion is viewed as one of his wonderful works. And it is a fact that those, who have departed 8 78 D E A T H B Y A D A M A  D farthest from God, are most atheistic in their reason- ings and practice — most disposed to trust in their own knowledge and wisdom, power and goodness. Tliey seldom trace effects, in the production of which hu- man agency is concerned, to the purpose of God; but endeavor to account for all the phenomena they wit- ness by reference to philosophical principles, derived from their knowledge of the laws of nature. The de- nial of a particular as well as a general providence proceeds from an atheistic spirit. Some, who occupy a place in the church of God, attribute to his power in the conversion of sinners as little as possible, and as much as possible to the perfection of human instru- mentality. They persuade themselves, that by show- ing the sinner that his salvation depends on himself, they can make him more deeply feel his obligation
to repent immediately, than by showing him that it depends on the will of God. They imagine that a denial of the doctrine of native depravity reflects honor upon the character of God and exhibits the guilt of the transofressor in the strono:est liijht. But however unwilling we may be to attribute any thing wrong to God, and however anxious we may be to vindicate his character; yet we must view things as they are, not for a moment doubting that God is righteous in all his ways, whether we are able to understand them or not. Can we for a moment believe that God, who is infinite in all his attributes, would suffer one of his creatures, whom he can annihilate in an instant, to defeat his purposes, and change the plan adopted for their ac- complishment ? In tlie administration of the divine government, there arc many things, which we do not now and which, perhaps, we never shall fully under- LIFEBYCHRIST. 79 Stand. God is not under obligation to give ns any account of his matters. Two very important facts are clearly made known in the text, which it is not diffi- cult to prove from a great variety of passages of scrip- ture"; but which without the teachiiig of the Holy Spirit we cannot satisfactorily understand. These facts will be separately considered. 1. It is expressly asserted by the inspired writer that in Adam all die. The fact that all die no one acquainted with the history of the human race can deny. That all die in Adam implies that all were in some sense viewed as connected with him and as one with him. There is a sense too in which they are all viewed as distinct subjects of the divine government, accountable for their own conduct, according to which they will be
acquitted or condemned. That all mankind have proceeded from Adam the scriptures assure us. As a confirmation of this testi- mony all, of whom we have any knowledge, are alike by nature, and when properly instructed feel con- demned by the same law — need the same Savior — and when converted experience in every essential particu- lar the same change of character. The omniscient God appears to view the whole human race as exist- ing at the same time, so united as to constitute one family — having a common parent as the representa- tive of the whole. That God had a perfect right, when he made Adam to establish such a connexion between him and his posterity that the acts of the former should aflect the latter as well as himself no one can question. This no one is disposed to deny except in one particular. 80 DEATH BY ADAM AD God had a perfect right to appoint Adam to be the representative of his family — their teacher priest and governor. For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south : But God is the judge : he putteth down one and setteth up another. Has not God estabhshed such a connexion between parents and children as to make it the duty of the latter to submit to the former, and to make the acts of the former affect the latter? How can children prevent such connexions and relations ? It is not as- serted that the act of our first parents can become the act of every one of their posterity ; so that as a fact they can be conscious of having eaten the forbidden fruit. But is it not as much our act as the act of parents is the act of their children — or as the act of a sovereign is the act of his subjects 1

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