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The U.S. Army Close Combat Badge

The U.S. Army Close Combat Badge

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Published by: oblivionboyj on Aug 11, 2009
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05/11/2014

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The U.S. Army Close Combat BadgeAfter years of effort by the other combat arms, the army has relented andcreated a “Close Combat Badge” (CCB) for troops in armored, cavalry,combat engineering and field artillery units. Since World War II, theinfantry have been eligible for the “Combat Infantry Badge” (CIB) if theyserve in an infantry unit, as infantry, in a combat zone, for at least 30days. Holders of the CIB are much respected in the army. This is becausethe CIB indicates someone who has not just seen a little combat, but hasspent time in the combat zone. The CIB represents having gone throughsustained combat, the day after day of getting shot at and living veryrough indeed. Sustained combat is a recent development, seen on a widescale for the first time during World War I (1914-18). This continuedduring World War II. Sustained combat not only increased the chance ofgetting killed or wounded, but also gave us more combat fatigue.Troops in armored, cavalry, combat engineering and field artillery units,overall, suffer only a fraction of the casualties infantrymen do. But theseother “combat arms” do get hammered much more than everyone else inthe army. Even during World War II, 75 percent of the people in the armynever heard a shot fired in anger. But the non-infantry combat unitssometimes see more intense combat than the infantry, such as whencombat engineers get out in front of the infantry to clear minefields andobstacles during a major attack. But overall, the infantry have alwayssuffered most of the casualties (about 80 percent in the last century.) Butthat has been slowly changing. In Iraq, the infantry have taken less thanhalf the casualties. And many artillery and armor units have beentemporarily reassigned (after some refresher training) to infantry duties(mainly patrolling.) This is nothing new. During World War II, tanks oftenserved with infantry units. When a tank got hit, most of the crew usually

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