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3g q.docx

3g q.docx

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Published by Pratim Rai

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Published by: Pratim Rai on Nov 14, 2013
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3G and UMTS Frequently Asked Questions
Is something missing? email: info@umtsworld.com your questions and we will add them here.
What does the acronym UMTS stand for?
 Universal Mobile Telephone System.
What is UMTS?
 UMTS is one of the Third Generation (3G) mobile systems being developed within the ITU's IMT-2000 framework. It is a realisation of a new generation of broadband multi-media mobile telecommunications technology. The coverage area of service provision is to be world wide in the form of FLMTS (Future Land Mobile Telecommunications Services and now called IMT2000). The coverage will be provided by a combination of cell sizes ranging from 'in building' Pico Cells to Global Cells provided by satellite, giving service to the remote regions of the world. The UMTS is not a replacement of 2nd generation technologies (e.g. GSM, DCS1800, CDMA, DECT etc.), which will continue to evolve to their full potential.
What are the different types of 3G networks?
 ITU Recommendation ITU-R M.1457 s pecifies five types of 3G radio interfaces:
 IMT-2000 CDMA Direct Spread, also known as UTRA FDD including WCDMA in Japan, ARIB / DoCoMo recommendation. UMTS is developed by 3GPP. 
 IMT-2000 CDMA Multi-carrier, also known as Cdma2000 (3X) developed by 3GPP2. IMT-2000 CDMA2000 includes 1X components, like cdma2000 1X EV-DO.
 IMT-2000 CDMA TDD, also known as UTRA TDD and TD- SCDMA. TD-SCDMA is developed in China and supported by TD-SCDMA Forum
 IMT-2000 TDMA Single Carrier, also known as UWC-136 (Edge) 
supported by UWCC
 IMT-2000 DECT supported by DECT Forum. For more information about 3G air interfaces, download ITU "What is IMT-2000" presentation (2.5Mb!). Note that page 3 does not classify CDMA2000 1X as 3G, but page 6 does. Some 2.5G systems (GSM GPRS, IS- 95B and CDMA2000 1X (?)) will  be able to deliver 3G services, so it will be difficult for users to see the difference.
What are the different types of 3G core networks?
 The IMT-2000 family of 3G systems includes three types of Core  Network technology:
 GSM based (using Mobile Application Part (MAP) protocols on top of SS7 protocols for signalling)
 ANSI-41 based (IS-634 protocols for signalling)
 Internet Protocol based (in future, to be specified)
What is the difference between cdma2000 and UMTS?
 Cdma2000 and UMTS were developed separately and are 2 separate ITU approved 3G standards. Cdma2000 1xRTT, cdma2000 1xEV-DO (EVolution, Data Only) and future cdma2000 3x were developed to be  backward compatible with cdmaOne. Both 1x types have the same  bandwidth, chip rate and it can be used in any existing cdmaOne frequency band and network. Backward compatibility was a requirement for successful deployment for USA market. It is easy to implement  because operators do not need new frequencies. [more about cdma2000] UMTS was developed mainly for countries with GSM networks,  because these countries have agreed to free new frequency ranges for UMTS networks. Because it is a new technology and in a new frequency  band, whole new radio access network has to be build. The advantage is that new frequency range gives plenty of new capacity for operators. 3GPP is overseeing the standard development and has wisely kept the core network as close to GSM core network as possible. UMTS phones are not meant to be backward compatible with GSM systems. (but subscriptions (=SIM card) can be, and dual mode phone will solve the compatibility problems, hopefully). UMTS also has 2 flavors FDD (will  be implemented first) and TDD. 

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