is the practice of following a diet that excludesmeat(includinggameand slaughter by-products;fish,shellfishand other sea animals; andpoultry). There areseveral variants of the diet, some of which also excludeeggsand/or some productsproduced from animal labour such asdairy productsandhoney.The
is a form of vegetarianism which excludes allanimal productsfrom thediet, such as meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, eggs, and honey. Those who practiceveganism for ethical reasons often exclude animal products from their diet as part of alarger practice of abstaining from the use of animals for any purpose (e.g. leather, fur,etc.), often out of support for animal rights. Most vegetarians consume dairy products,and many eat eggs.Lacto-vegetarianismincludes dairy products but excludes eggs,ovo-vegetarianismincludes eggs but not dairy, andlacto-ovo vegetarianismincludesboth eggs and dairy products.Vegetarianism is usually adopted for ethical, health,environmental, and/or religiousreasons. Other reasons may or may not include: politics, culture, society, aesthetics, or economics.A generic term for both vegetarianism and veganism, as well as for similar diets, is"plant-based diets".
: whereas vegans do not use animal products of any kind, dietaryvegans restrict their veganism to their diet.Some vegetarians also avoid products that may use animal ingredients not included intheir labels or which use animal products in their manufacturing e.g. cheeses that useanimalrennet,gelatin(from animal skin, bones, andconnective tissue), some sugarsthat are whitened withbone char (e.g.canesugar, but notbeetsugar) andalcoholclarified withgelatinor crushedshellfishandsturgeon. Vegetarians who eat eggssometimes prefer free-range eggs (as opposed tobattery farmedeggs).
Semi-vegetarian diets primarily consist of vegetarian foods, but make exceptions for some non-vegetarian foods. These diets may be followed by those who choose toreduce the amount of animal flesh consumed, or sometimes as a way of transitioning toa vegetarian diet. These terms areneologismsbased on the word "vegetarian". Theymay be regarded with contention by some strict vegetarians, as they combine terms for vegetarian and non-vegetarian diets.Additionally, many individuals describe themselves as simply "vegetarian" while actuallypracticing a semi-vegetarian diet.
: A diet that consists primarily of vegetarian food, but includes occasionalexceptions.
TheVegetarian Society, founded in 1847, claims to have "created the word vegetarianfrom the Latin 'vegetus' meaning 'lively' (which is how these early vegetarians claimedtheir diet made them feel) ..." However, theOxford English Dictionaryand other standard dictionaries state that the word was formed from the term "vegetable" and thesuffix "-arian".The Oxford English Dictionary also gives evidence that the word was already in usebefore the foundation of the Vegetarian Society:1839 - "If I had had to be my own cook, I should inevitably become a vegetarian." (F. A.Kemble, Jrnl. Residence on Georgian Plantation (1863) 251)1842 - "To tell a healthy vegetarian that his diet is very uncongenial with the wants of hisnature." (Healthian, Apr. 34)