Human rights are interrelated and interdependent. The violation of oneright will often affect several other rights.I.3 Rights of Man, as embodied in the declaration proclaimed at the FrenchRevolution, during the later part of the Eighteen Century is a symbolic depiction of theaspirations of man to free himself from oppression and tyranny from his fellow men andhis innate urge for equality and fraternity amongst homo-sapiens. The
Magna Carta of 1215
which introduced the concept of jury trial further provides that
No freeman shall be taken or imprisoned or outlawed or banished, or in any way destroyed, nor will we go upon him, nor send upon him, except by legal judgment of his peers or by the law of the land
I.4 Following this, the
Bill of Rights, 1689,
evolved and gave birth to the idea of Parliamentary Democracy against arbitrary power and unbridled authority of King of England and it assured to the people equality before the law.
The Habeas Corpus Acts of 1640 and 1679
had attempted to provide legal remedies against arbitrary detention andimprisonment. The measure had come to be accepted as a tool to move the authority seeking immediate release either for unlawful detentions or even lawful incarceration buton appropriate grounds
American Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the French Revolution of 1789
were influenced and inspired by the earlier crusades for liberty participated by many and galvanized into action by the free thinking leading lights of thepreceding centuries.
Magna Carta, also called Magna Carta Libertatum (the Great Charter of Freedoms), is an English legal charter,originally issued in
the year 1215.It was written in Latin and is known by its Latin name. The usual English translation of Magna Carta is Great
Article 39 of the Magna Carta, 1215.3
Dr.S.Krishnamurthy, “Human Rights and the Indian Police”, [Second Edition 1996, RR Publisher
s Bangalore 560055], at page 30