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Gasoline Storage Practices

Gasoline Storage Practices

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Published by: lalit krupal on Aug 11, 2009
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06/27/2010

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*Gasoline Storage Practices*By: Tailgunner 23 March 2004 This information has been extracted from various internet resourcesincluding Standard/Chevron Petroleum and from my own personalexperience. The recommendations are of a general nature, followed byrecommendations and comments for some specific uses or situations.For general storage there are four precautions that will delay thedeterioration of gasoline:-Fill containers about 95% full.-Cap containers tightly.-Store containers out of direct sunlight in a location where the temperaturestays below 80F most of the time. I have found that gasoline stored over thewinter here in Alaska tends to be more stable because our averagetemperature is much below 80F.-Use a gasoline stabilizer like Sta-Bil or Pri-GThe first two actions reduce the evaporation of gasoline during storage andreduce the exposure of gasoline to air and water vapor. The 5% air spaceallows room for the liquid gasoline to expand if its temperature rises.Storage temperature affects storage lifeI prefer to put a fuel stabilizer additive like Sta-Bil (be sure to read thedirections on the container) to the gasoline regardless of how long I plan onstoring it. Fuel stabilizer additives are available at auto supply stores,Walmart, some service stations and convenience stores. Follow the labeldirections. The best mixing is achieved when the stabilizer is added to thecontainer before it is filled with gasoline. The stabilizer will work only if itis added to fresh gasoline; it can’t fix gasoline that has started to deteriorate.Federally mandated reformulation of gasolines to increase the oxygencontent produces a mix that will survive storage as well or better thanconventional gasoline. Adding oil to gasoline doesn’t change its stability.
 
Gasoline-oil mixtures for two-stroke-cycle engines will survive storage aswell as gasoline itself.The volatility of gasoline is tailored for the range of temperatures expectedin the locality where it is sold. Engines fueled with "summer gasoline" may be more difficult to start in cold weather. Gasoline that is tailored for colder climes has additional benzine added and other chemicals to increase itsability to vaporize and burn more cleanly in internal combustion engines.Store gasoline only in containers intended for the purpose. A 55-gallon metaldrum is the only container approved by the Uniform Fire Code for thestorage of more than five gallons of gasoline. Be careful to not store acontainer of gasoline near an ignition source such as an appliance pilot light.This is important, do not store gasoline in a garage near gas fueled heaters or water heaters. Vehicles that may sit for a period of time like boats or motor-homes need special consideration to prevent driveability problems(hesitation, lack of power) which may be encountered after storage. The probable cause is gum deposits in the carburetor, on the injectors, or on thefuel filter/screen. Treating the gasoline in the vehicle’s tank with a deposit-control additive may remove the problem deposits. Deposit-control additiveconcentrates are available at service stations and auto supply stores. TechronConcentrate is Chevron's most effective general purpose deposit-controladditive. Follow the label instructions. Follow the label directions. If driveability doesn’t improve by the time the treated fuel has been used,check the fuel filter and screen (if any) in the fuel tank for plugging.Boat fuel tanks are more likely to be contaminated with water for obviousreasons. Water removal is particularly important for boats used in salt water and for boats fueled with gasoline oxygenated with ethyl alcohol. Salt water corrodes some metals. So does the alcohol-water layer that separates if gasoline containing ethyl alcohol is contaminated with more than one percent water. Formulation changes that have occurred in the past few years- the addition of oxygenates and the reduction in benzene and other aromatics - have made gasolines more subject to microbial growth. Even if no water is detected, add a biocide to the gasoline in the fuel tank. Followthe label directions. The best mixing is achieved if the biocide is added tothe tank before it is filled with gasoline. Biocide additives are available atmarinas and boat supply stores.

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