1. Report No 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle 5. Report Date
6. Performing Organization Code
Safety Evaluation of Red-Light Cameras
7. Authors(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No.
Forrest M. Council, BMI-SG; Bhagwant Persaud, Ryerson University; Kimberly Eccles, BMI-SG; Craig Lyon, Ryerson University; and Michael S. Griffith, Federal Highway Administration.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address 10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
11. Contract or Grant No.
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Battelle Memorial Institute
505 King Avenue
Columbus, OH 43201
Final – 11/19/01 – 11/30/04
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 14. Sponsoring Agency Code
ITS Joint Program Office and Office of Safety Research and Development Federal Highway Administration 6300 Georgetown Pike McLean, VA 22101
15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative:
Michael Griffith, FHWA Office of Safety Research and Development 16. Abstract
The objective of this final study was to determine the effectiveness of red-light-camera (RLC) systems in reducing crashes. The study used empirical Bayes before-and-after research using data from seven jurisdictions across the United States at 132 treatment sites. The purpose of the study was to estimate the crash and associated economic effects of RLC systems and specially derived rear end and right-angle unit crash costs for various severity levels. Crash effects detected were consistent in direction with those found in many previous studies: decreased right-angle crashes and increased rear end ones. The economic analysis examined the extent to which the increase in rear end crashes negates the benefits for right-angle crashes. The analysis showed an aggregate crash cost benefit of RLC systems. A disaggregate analysis found that the greatest economic benefits are associated with the highest total entering average annual daily traffic, the largest ratios of right-angle to rear end crashes, and with the presence of protected left turn phases. There were weak indications of a spillover effect that points to a need for a more definitive, perhaps prospective, study of this issue.
17. Key Words 18. Distribution Statement
Red light camera, Empirical Bayes, Crash evaluation, Economic analysis,
No restrictions. This document is available to the Public through the National Technical Information Service; Springfield, VA 22161
19. Security Classif. (of this report) 20. Security Classif. (of this page) 21. No. of Pages 22. Price
Unclassified Unclassified 95 N/A
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized (art. 5/94)