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Evaluation of the City of Scottsdale Loop 101 Photo Enforcement Demonstration Program

Evaluation of the City of Scottsdale Loop 101 Photo Enforcement Demonstration Program

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Published by Ars Technica
Evaluation of the City of Scottsdale Loop 101 Photo Enforcement Demonstration Program
Evaluation of the City of Scottsdale Loop 101 Photo Enforcement Demonstration Program

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Published by: Ars Technica on Nov 15, 2013
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Evaluation of the City of Scottsdale Loop 101 Photo Enforcement Demonstration Program
Final Report AZ-684
Prepared by:
Simon Washington, Ph.D. Kangwon Shin Ida van Schalkwyk Arizona State University Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering Tempe, AZ
November 2007
Prepared for:
Arizona Department of Transportation 206 South 17th Avenue Phoenix, Arizona 85007 in cooperation with U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration
 
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Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.
AZ-07-684
 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient’s Catalog No. 5. Report Date
 November 2007
 4. Title and Subtitle
Evaluation of the City of Scottsdale Loop 101 Photo Enforcement Demonstration Program
 
6. Performing Organization Code 7. Authors
Dr. Simon Washington, Kangwon Shin, and Ida van Schalkwyk
8. Performing Organization Report No. 10. Work Unit No. 9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Arizona State University Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering Tempe, AZ 85287-5306
 11. Contract or Grant No.
T0749A0022
 13.Type of Report & Period Covered
Final Report
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Arizona Department Of Transportation 206 S. 17th Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona 85007
14. Sponsoring Agency Code 15. Supplementary Notes
Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
 16. Abstract
Speeding is recognized as one of the most important factors causing traffic crashes. In 2005, 30% of all fatal crashes were speeding-related (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 2005). According to NHTSA, the cost of speed-related crashes is estimated to be $40.4 billion per year (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 2005). Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) now exist to reduce speeding-related crashes by enforcing speed limits with camera-based technologies. These enforcement technologies are generically called “speed cameras” and have been effective on municipal streets and arterials in Arizona. The City of Scottsdale began automated enforcement efforts in December of 1996. On October 25, 2005, the Scottsdale City Council approved the nine-month
 speed enforcement camera demonstration program
 on a 7.8-mile stretch of the SR 101 segment within Scottsdale. The speed enforcement program (SEP) began on January 22, 2006 and ended on October 23, 2006. The demonstration program on the SR 101 freeway segment in Scottsdale is the first use of the fixed-site photo enforcement equipment on a freeway in Arizona and is  believed to be the first in the nation. This study was conducted to estimate the impact of the SEP on traffic safety, speed, speeding behavior, and daily travel time uncertainty. More specifically, the objectives were to estimate: the impact of the SEP on speeding behavior; the changes in mean speed due to the SEP; the impact of the SEP on traffic safety in the enforcement zone; the total travel time impacts; and the economic impacts of the safety effects.
17. Key Words
Photo enforcement, speeding, safety, red light running, Empirical Bayes’, before-after study, travel time savings, motor vehicle crashes 
18. Distribution Statement
Document is available to the U.S.  public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161
23. Registrant’s Seal 19. Security Classification
Unclassified
20. Security Classification
Unclassified
21. No. of Pages 154 22. Price

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