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Preoperative and Postoperative Care

Preoperative and Postoperative Care

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Published by faithfabulous1_06
preoperative and postop care, common post op complications and interventions
preoperative and postop care, common post op complications and interventions

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: faithfabulous1_06 on Aug 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Preoperative and Postoperativecare
Preoperative CareA. Purposes
1. Ensure that the client is in complete physicaland psychological condition for surgery2. Eliminate or reduce postoperativediscomfort and complications3. Pre-op teaching
a. Enhances client's participationb. Decreases anxietyc. Helps to ensure good postop recovery
B.General Preoperative Care
1. Psychological support : stress experience,consider the effects here2. Client teaching related to specific scheduledprocedure
a. coughing and deep breathingb. Supporting the wound :use of pillow andsplintingc. Leg exercised. Turning, positioning, early ambulatione. Analgesics and pain control : discuss the optionof patient controlled analgesia (PCA)f. Recovery from proceduresg. Other postoperative expectations: type of dressing, nasogastric tube (NGT), drains, IV
Postoperative drugsa. Purpose
1. Reduce anxiety2. Decrease secretions3. Reduce amount of anesthesia required4. Control nausea and vomiting
b. Common preoperative drugs: Medicationis rarely given IM ,usually IV when thepatient gets to the OR
1. Meperidine (Demerol), mophine sulfate2. Hydroxyzine (Vistaril),promethazine(Phenergam) synergistic to narcotics

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