Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Math for Engineering Sumary

Math for Engineering Sumary

Ratings: (0)|Views: 37|Likes:
Published by Mr. Kaison Nasawat

More info:

Published by: Mr. Kaison Nasawat on Aug 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/14/2012

pdf

text

original

 

81,76
7KLVKDQGERRNXVHVWKHPHWULFV\VWHPRIXQLWV8OWLPDWHO\WKH)(H[DPLQDWLRQZLOOEHHQWLUHO\PHWULF+RZHYHUFXUUHQWO\VRPHRIWKHSUREOHPVXVHERWKPHWULFDQG86&XVWRPDU\6\VWHP86&6,QWKH86&6V\VWHPRIXQLWVERWKIRUFHDQGPDVVDUHFDOOHGSRXQGV7KHUHIRUHRQHPXVWGLVWLQJXLVKWKHSRXQGIRUFHOEIIURPWKHSRXQGPDVVOEP7KHSRXQGIRUFHLVWKDWIRUFHZKLFKDFFHOHUDWHVRQHSRXQGPDVVDWIWV
7KXVOEIOEPIWV
7KHH[SUHVVLRQOEPIWOEIV
LVGHVLJQDWHGDV
 J 
F
DQGLVXVHGWRUHVROYHH[SUHVVLRQVLQYROYLQJERWKPDVVDQGIRUFHH[SUHVVHGDVSRXQGV)RULQVWDQFHLQZULWLQJ1HZWRQVVHFRQGODZWKHHTXDWLRQZRXOGEHZULWWHQDV
 ) 

PD
 J 
F
ZKHUH
 ) 
LVLQOEI
P
LQOEPDQG
D
LVLQIWV
6LPLODUH[SUHVVLRQVH[LVWIRURWKHUTXDQWLWLHV.LQHWLF(QHUJ\
 .( 

PY

 J 
F
ZLWK
 .( 
LQIWOEI3RWHQWLDO(QHUJ\
 3( 

PJK
 J 
F
ZLWK
 3( 
LQIWOEI)OXLG3UHVVXUH
 S

ρ
 JK
 J 
F
ZLWK
 S
LQOEIIW
6SHFLILF:HLJKW
6: 

ρ
 J 
 J 
F
LQOEIIW
6KHDU6WUHVV
τ

μ
 J 
F

GYG\
ZLWKVKHDUVWUHVVLQOEIIW
,QDOOWKHVHH[DPSOHV
 J 
F
VKRXOGEHUHJDUGHGDVDXQLWFRQYHUVLRQIDFWRU,WLVIUHTXHQWO\QRWZULWWHQH[SOLFLWO\LQHQJLQHHULQJHTXDWLRQV+RZHYHULWVXVHLVUHTXLUHGWRSURGXFHDFRQVLVWHQWVHWRIXQLWV 1RWHWKDWWKHFRQYHUVLRQIDFWRU
 J 
F
>OEPIWOEIV
@VKRXOGQRWEHFRQIXVHGZLWKWKHORFDODFFHOHUDWLRQRIJUDYLW\
 J 
ZKLFKKDVGLIIHUHQWXQLWVPV
DQGPD\EHHLWKHULWVVWDQGDUGYDOXHPV
RUVRPHRWKHUORFDOYDOXH,IWKHSUREOHPLVSUHVHQWHGLQ86&6XQLWVLWPD\EHQHFHVVDU\WRXVHWKHFRQVWDQW
 J 
F
LQWKHHTXDWLRQWRKDYHDFRQVLVWHQWVHWRIXQLWV
0(75,&35(),;(6
0XOWLSOH3UHIL[6\PERO
&20021/<86('(48,9$/(176
JDOORQRIZDWHUZHLJKVOEIFXELFIRRWRIZDWHUZHLJKVOEIFXELFLQFKRIPHUFXU\ZHLJKVOEI7KHPDVVRIRQHFXELFPHWHURIZDWHULVNLORJUDPV
7(03(5$785(&219(56,216

 ±

 ±

 ±

 ±

 ±

 ±

 ±

 ±











DWWRIHPWR SLFRQDQR
PLFUR
PLOOLFHQWLGHFLGHND
KHFWR
NLORPHJDJLJDWHUD
SHWD
H[DDI SQ
 μ  μμ  μ 
PFGGD
K
N0*7
3
()&&)±5).&
)81'$0(17$/&2167$176
4XDQWLW\6\PERO9DOXH8QLWVHOHFWURQFKDUJH
H
×


&FRXORPEV)DUDGD\FRQVWDQWFRXORPEVPROJDVFRQVWDQWPHWULF
 5
-NPROÂ.JDVFRQVWDQWPHWULF
 5
N3DÂP
NPROÂ.JDVFRQVWDQW86&6
 5
IWOEIOEPROH5
 5
/DWPPROH.JUDYLWDWLRQQHZWRQLDQFRQVWDQW
*
×

 ±
P
NJÂV
JUDYLWDWLRQQHZWRQLDQFRQVWDQW
*
×

 ±
1ÂP
NJ
JUDYLW\DFFHOHUDWLRQVWDQGDUGPHWULF
 J 
PV
JUDYLW\DFFHOHUDWLRQVWDQGDUG86&6
 J 
IWV
PRODUYROXPHLGHDOJDV
.
 S
N3D
P
/NPROVSHHGRIOLJKWLQYDFXXP
F
PV
 

&219(56,21)$&7256
0XOWLSO\%\7R2EWDLQ0XOWLSO\%\7R2EWDLQ
DFUHVTXDUHIHHWIW
MRXOH-
×

 ±
%WXDPSHUHKU$KUFRXORPE&-IWOEInQJVWU|Pc
×

 ±
PHWHUP-QHZWRQÂP1ÂPDWPRVSKHUHDWPFPPHUFXU\+J-
VZDWW:DWPVWGLQPHUFXU\+JDWPVWGOEILQ
DEVSVLDNLORJUDPNJSRXQGOEPDWPVWGIWZDWHUNJIQHZWRQ1DWPVWG
×

 SDVFDO3DNLORPHWHUNPIHHWIWNPKUPSK EDU
×

3DNLORSDVFDON3DOEILQ
SVL EDUUHOV±RLOJDOORQV±RLONLORZDWWN:KRUVHSRZHUKS%WXMRXOH-N:%WXKU%WX
×

 ±
NLORZDWWKUN:KN:IWOE
VHF%WXIWOEIN:KRXUN:K%WX%WXKU
×

 ±
KRUVHSRZHUKSN:KKSKU%WXKUZDWW:N:K
×

 MRXOH-%WXKUIWOEIVHFNLS.OEI.QHZWRQ1FDORULHJFDO
×

 ±
%WXFDO
×

 ±
KSKUOLWHU/LQ
FDOMRXOH-/JDO86/LTFDOVHFZDWW:/
 ±
P

FHQWLPHWHUFP
×

 ±
IRRWIW/VHFRQG/VIW
PLQFIPFPLQFKLQ/VJDO86PLQJSPFHQWLSRLVHF3SDVFDOÂVHF3DÂVFHQWLVWRNHVF6W
×

 ±
P
VHFP
VPHWHUPIHHWIWFXELFIHHWVHFRQGFIVPLOOLRQJDOORQVGD\PJGP\DUGFXELFIRRWIW
JDOORQPVHFRQGPVIHHWPLQIWPLQFXELFPHWHUVP
/LWHUVPLOHVWDWXWHIHHWIWHOHFWURQYROWH9
×

 ±
 MRXOH-PLOHVWDWXWHNLORPHWHUNPPLOHKRXUPSKIWPLQISPIRRWIWFPPSKNPKIWPHWHUPPPRI+J
×

 ±
DWPIWSRXQGIWOEI
×

 ±
%WXPPRI+
2
×

 ±
DWPIWOEI
×

 ±
NLORZDWWKUN:KIWOEIFDORULHJFDOQHZWRQ1OEIIWOEIMRXOH-1ÂPIWOEIIWOEIVHF
×

 ±
KRUVHSRZHUKS1ÂPMRXOH-JDOORQ86/LTOLWHU/SDVFDO3D
×

 ±
DWPRVSKHUHDWPJDOORQ86/LTIW
3DQHZWRQP
1P
JDOORQVRIZDWHUSRXQGVRIZDWHU3DÂVHF3DÂVSRLVH3JDPPD
γ 

Γ 

×

 ±
WHVOD7SRXQGOEPDYGSNLORJUDPNJJDXVV
×

 ±
7OEI1JUDPJ
×

 ±
 SRXQGOEPOEIIW1ÂPOEILQ
SVLDWPKHFWDUH
×

VTXDUHPHWHUVP
SVLIWRI+
2KHFWDUHDFUHVSVLLQRI+JKRUVHSRZHUKS%WXPLQSVL3DKSZDWW:KSIWOEIPLQUDGLDQ
π 
GHJUHHKSIWOEIVHFKSKU%WXVWRNHV
×

 ±
P
VKSKU
×

IWOEIKSKU
×

 MRXOH-WKHUP
×

%WXKSKUN:KZDWW:%WXKULQFKLQFHQWLPHWHUFP:
×

 ±
KRUVHSRZHUKSLQRI+JDWP:MRXOHVHF-VLQRI+JLQRI+
2ZHEHUP
:EP
JDXVVLQRI+
2OEILQ
SVLLQRI+
2DWP
 

0$7+(0$7,&6
675$,*+7/,1(
7KHJHQHUDOIRUPRIWKHHTXDWLRQLV
 $[

 %\

7KHVWDQGDUGIRUPRIWKHHTXDWLRQLV
 \

P[

E
ZKLFKLVDOVRNQRZQDVWKH
 VORSHLQWHUFHSW 
IRUP7KH
 SRLQWVORSH
IRUPLV
 \
±
 \

P
 [
±
 [
*LYHQWZRSRLQWVVORSH
P

 \
±
 \

 [
±
 [
7KHDQJOHEHWZHHQOLQHVZLWKVORSHV
P
DQG
P
LV
α
DUFWDQ>
P
±
P

P
Â
P
@7ZROLQHVDUHSHUSHQGLFXODULI
P
±
P
7KHGLVWDQFHEHWZHHQWZRSRLQWVLV
( ) ( )
[ [ \ \
+=
48$'5$7,&(48$7,21
D[

E[

F

DDFEE 5RRWV
±=
&21,&6(&7,216
H
HFFHQWULFLW\FRV
θ
FRV
φ
>1RWH
 ; 
′  
DQG
′  
LQWKHIROORZLQJFDVHVDUHWUDQVODWHGD[HV@
&DVH3DUDEROD
H

 \
±

 S
 [
±
K
&HQWHUDW
K
N 
LVWKHVWDQGDUGIRUPRIWKHHTXDWLRQ:KHQ
K

)RFXV
 S 
'LUHFWUL[
 [
± 
 S 

&DVH(OOLSVH
H

( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
H  D [ DH HDED  FDEH  K KE \DK [
±=±======+
'LUHFWUL[)RFXV W\(FFHQWULFL :KHQHTXDWLRQWKHRI IRUPVWDQGDUGWKHLV DW&HQWHU 
&DVH+\SHUEROD
H
!
( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
H  D [ DH HDED  FDEH  K KE \DK [
±=±==+====
'LUHFWUL[)RFXV W\(FFHQWULFL :KHQHTXDWLRQWKHRI IRUPVWDQGDUGWKHLV DW&HQWHU 
©
%ULQN5:
 $)LUVW<HDURI&ROOHJH0DWKHPDWLFV
&RS\ULJKWE\'$SSOHWRQ&HQWXU\&R,QF5HSULQWHGE\SHUPLVVLRQRI3UHQWLFH+DOO,QF(QJOHZRRG&OLIIV1-

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->