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Organizational behavior

Organizational behavior

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Published by rohanchow
Organizational Behavior is the foundation stone on which the health of any organization depends. Discuss.
Organizational Behavior is the foundation stone on which the health of any organization depends. Discuss.

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Published by: rohanchow on Aug 11, 2009
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11/07/2012

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Question: Organizational Behavior is thefoundation stone on which the health of anyorganization depends. Discuss.
Answer:
 
Organizational Behavior is an important concept for anyorganization, since it deals with the
 
three determinants of behaviorin organizations: Individuals, Groups and Structure. OrganizationalBehavior then applies the knowledge gained about individuals, groupsand the effect of structure on behavior in order to make organizationswork more effectively. In a nut shell, OB is concerned with the studyof what people do in an organization and how their behavior affectsthe organizations performance. Seeing as OB is concerned withemployee related situations, it tends to emphasize behavior related to jobs, work, absenteeism, employment turnover, human performanceand management. The organization's base rests on management's philosophy, values,vision and goals. This in turn drives the organizational culture which iscomposed of the formal organization, informal organization, and thesocial environment. The culture determines the type of leadership,communication, and group dynamics within the organization. Theworkers perceive this as the quality of work life which directs theirdegree of motivation. The final outcomes are performance, individualsatisfaction, and personal growth and development. All theseelements combine to build the model or framework that theorganization operates from.  The ability to use the tools of organizational behavior to understandbehavior in organizations is one reason for studying this subject. Asecond reason is to learn how to apply these concepts, theories, andtechniques to improve behavior in organizations so that individuals,groups, and organizations can achieve their goals. Managers arechallenged to find new ways to motivate and coordinate employees toensure that their goals are aligned with organizational goals.Organizational Behavior addresses following points:
Organizational behavior studies the factors that impactindividual and group behavior in organizations and how
 
organizations manage their environments. OrganizationalbehaviorProvides a set of tools—theories and concepts—to understand,analyze, describe, and manage attitudes and behavior inorganizations.
 The study of organizational behavior can improve and changeindividual, group, and organizational Behavior to attainindividual, group, and organizational goals.
Organizational behavior can be analyzed at three levels: theindividual, the group, and the Organization as a whole. A fullunderstanding must include an examination of behavioralfactors at each level.
A manager’s job is to use the tools of organizational behavior toincrease effectiveness, an Organization’s ability to achieve itsgoal. Management is the process of planning, organizing,leading, and controlling an organization’s human, financial,material, and other resources to increase its effectiveness.In view of the fact that OB is the grounds on which an organizationbuilds itself, Psychology, Sociology and Anthropology play a vital rolein understanding workplace behavior and employee relatedsituations.
Psychology
- is a science which seeks to measure,explain and sometimes change the behavior of humans.Early organizational psychologists concerned themselveswith the problems of fatigue, boredom, and other factorswhich could have an effect on efficient workforceperformance. More recently, contributions in the field of organizational psychology have expanded to learning,perception, personality, emotions, job satisfaction,decision making processes, leadership, needs andmotivational forces, employee selection techniques and job stress.
Sociology
- Studies people in relation to their socialenvironment or culture. Sociologists have contributed to
 
OB through their study of group behavior in organizations,both formal and complex. Sociology has contributed toresearch on organizational culture, formal organizationtheory and structure, organizational techniques,communications, power and conflict.
Anthropology
- is the study of societies to learn abouthuman beings and their activities. Work on this field hashelped understanding differences in fundamental values,attitudes and behavior between people in differentcountries and within different organizations.
Question: Discuss the learning’s of OrganizationalBehavior, which you may have found, as a buddingmanager, will be useful for your personal growth.Answer:
Organizational Behavior, an indigenous learning of techniques which deals with the knowledge gained about individuals,groups and the effect of structure on behavior in order to makeorganizations work more effectively. Through these methods a buddingmanager can gain several virtues to induce personal growth of self andgroup related issues.Since managers are individuals who achieve goals through otherpeople, OB makes us aware of the various roles we need to play asmanagers to encourage the workforce to work with more satisfactionand profitability.As managers we will participate in several roles, mainly being:
Interpersonal Roles: All managers are required toperform duties that are ceremonial and symbolic innature. All managers also have a leadership role. Thisrole includes hiring, training, motivating and discipliningemployees.
Informational Roles: All managers, to some degree,collect information from outside organizations andinstitutions. Managers then act as a conduit to transmitinfo to organizational members.
Decisional role: Here managers deal with various affairssuch as, overseeing new projects, taking correctivemeasure in an unforeseen event and discuss issues and

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