U n i t e d S t a t e s D i s t r i c t C o u r t
F o r t h e N o r t h e r n D i s t r i c t o f C a l i f o r n i a
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627283FINDINGS OF FACTI.PartiesA.RealNetworks, Inc.1. RealNetworks, Inc. is a company incorporated and based in Seattle, Washington, thatdevelops, manufactures and sells platforms for the delivery of digital media. See AmendedComplaint for Declaratory Relief, Docket No. 62, ¶ 10, Exh. A (“Compl.”).
RealNetworks HomeEntertainment, Inc. is a subsidiary of RealNetworks, Inc. and is incorporated in Delaware, with itsprincipal place of business in Seattle, Washington. Id. ¶ 11.2. Real started fifteen years ago as a pioneer in the market for technology that relates to thedelivery of audio and video content over the Internet. See Hearing Tr. (Glaser) at 440:8-9, 440:21-441:19. Today, Real sells several popular product lines that deliver streaming audio and video of copyrighted content online, which Real licenses from content owners in the film, television, musicand electronic gaming industry. Id. at 442:7-14.3. Real has never been accused of copyright infringement from a major content provider. Id.at 443:17-23. Real has brought and prevailed on DMCA claims for circumvention of Real’s accesscontrol and copy protection measures it affords to content owners. See RealNetworks, Inc. v.Streambox, Inc., 2000 WL 127311, *8 (W.D. Wash. Jan. 18, 2000).B.Motion Picture Studios4. The motion picture studios involved in this consolidated action, as either plaintiffs andcounter-defendants or declaratory relief claim defendants, are: Disney Enterprises, Inc., ParamountPictures Corp., Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc., Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp., NBCUniversal, Inc., Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc., Viacom, Inc., Universal City Studios ProductionsL.L.L.P., Universal City Studios L.L.L.P., Sony Pictures Television, Inc., Columbia PicturesIndustries, Inc., and Walt Disney Pictures (collectively, “Studios”).5. The Studios are content owners of copyrighted works, including movies and recordedtelevision programs. The Studios or their subsidiaries distribute their movies on Digital VersatileDisks (“DVDs”). See Studios’ Answer, Docket No. 59, ¶ 20.
Case3:08-cv-04548-MHP Document448 Filed08/11/09 Page3 of 58