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Dissolving Material With Sulfric Acid

Dissolving Material With Sulfric Acid

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Published by: AFLAC ............ on Aug 12, 2009
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 2TABLE OF CONTENTSForeword.....................................................................................................................................4
1.0 What is Steel Pickling......................................................................................................5
1.1 The History........................................................................................................................51.2 The Theory........................................................................................................................71.3 The Pickling Experiment....................................................................................................81.4 Temperature Equals Speed..............................................................................................91.5 Some Serious Pickling......................................................................................................91.6 Let's Get Practical.............................................................................................................10
2.0 What is Acid Recovery?...................................................................................................12
2.1 A Matter of Haulage...........................................................................................................122.2 The Salt is the Key............................................................................................................132.3 Chilling Down.....................................................................................................................152.4 Separating the Salt............................................................................................................162.5 Overcoming the Water Shortage.......................................................................................172.6 The Simplicity of It All........................................................................................................17
3.0 Chemistry..........................................................................................................................18
3.1 Just the Facts and Nothing but the Facts..........................................................................183.2 The Atom - Nature at it's Tiniest........................................................................................183.3 The Molecules Togetherness............................................................................................183.4 Let's Get Practical.............................................................................................................193.5 Pound for Pound a Simple Measure.................................................................................22
4.0 What is Iron Loss?...........................................................................................................23
4.1 A Question of Capacity......................................................................................................234.2 Lost and Found..................................................................................................................234.3 Keeping Your Losses to a Minimum..................................................................................244.4 More Ways to Calculate Efficiency....................................................................................244.5 Monitor Your Efficiency......................................................................................................25
5.0 Analysis and Calculation Methods................................................................................26
5.1 Acid Determination............................................................................................................265.2 Iron Determination.............................................................................................................275.3 Concentration Calculations...............................................................................................285.4 Determination of Acid or Base by pH Method...................................................................30
6.0 Use of Inhibitors..............................................................................................................347.0 Heating the Pickle Tanks................................................................................................35
7.1 Why Heating?....................................................................................................................357.2 Making up for Losses........................................................................................................357.3 How to Heat.......................................................................................................................367.4 Steam Heat the Old Standby.............................................................................................367.5 The Muscles Behind Steam..............................................................................................367.6 Lets Get Practical..............................................................................................................397.7 Dangerous Vacuum...........................................................................................................407.8 Keep It Perking and Save Energy.....................................................................................41
8.0 Rinsing..............................................................................................................................42
8.1 Why Rinsing......................................................................................................................428.2 The Niagara Falls Syndrome.............................................................................................428.3 The Theory........................................................................................................................428.4 Beating Impossible Odds..................................................................................................438.5 Let's Get Practical.............................................................................................................44
9.0 Fume Extraction..............................................................................................................48
9.1 Why Do We Need It?:........................................................................................................489.2 Exhausting Closed Tanks..................................................................................................489.3 Exhausting Open Tanks....................................................................................................49
 
 39.4 Save the Environment.......................................................................................................499.5 Cake in Your Ducts............................................................................................................519.6 Breathe Clean Air..............................................................................................................51
10.0 Processing With Acid Recovery....................................................................................52
10.1 Prerequisites......................................................................................................................5210.2 The Flow Diagram.............................................................................................................5210.3 The Process Description:..................................................................................................52
11.0 Balancing the Process....................................................................................................5612.0 Garbage in the Process..................................................................................................59In Closing...................................................................................................................................60Major Diagrams:
 Solubility of Ferrous Sulfate.......................................................................................................14Periodic Table of the Elements
.................................................................................................
20Heat in Steam
............................................................................................................................37
Steam Table
..............................................................................................................................38
Effluent Free Pickling.................................................................................................................54

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