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8 Math Mensuration

# 8 Math Mensuration

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11/14/2012

Finish Line & Beyond
Mensuration
1.
Area of (i) a trapezium = half of the sum of the lengths of parallel sides × perpendicular dis-tance between them.
AB CDEF
The area of rectangle ABCD and areas of triangles AEB and DCF will give the area of the trapezium.AS you know Area of Rectangle ABCD =
×
Area of ΔAEB and ΔDCF =
ABCF  AB EB
×
2121
=
)(21
CF  EB AB
+
Area of the Trapezium=
×
)(21))(21(
+
22
+×
)(21
+
)(21
+
This makes it clear how the area of a trapezium is equal to half of the sum of lengthmultiplied by the perpendicular distance between them(ii) a rhombus = half the product of its diagonals.

Finish Line & Beyond
AB DCO
In the given rhombus if we calculate the areas of all four triangles then their sumtotal will give the area of the rhombus. As you know that diagonals bisect each otherin a rhombus so AO=OC and BO = OD so all triangles will be congruent. Hence theirareas will be equal.So area of the rhombus = 4
×
Area of one triangle=
BO AO
×
214
BO AO
×
2
=
BO AC
×
Since BO=
21
BD So,
BO AC
×
BD AC
×
21
This shows how the formula for area of rhombus is derived.
2. Surface area
of a solid is the sum of the areas of its faces.
3.
Surface area of a cuboid = 2(
lb
+
bh
+
hl
)a cube = 6
2a cylinder = 2π
(
+
h
)
4.
Amount of region occupied by a solid is called its
volume
.
5.
Volume of a cuboid =
×
b
×
h

Finish Line & Beyond
a cube =
3a cylinder = π
2
h
6.
(i) 1 cm3 = 1 mL(ii) 1L = 1000 cm3(iii) 1 m3 = 1000000 cm3 = 1000L
Exercise 1
1. A square and a rectangular field with measurements as given in the fig-ure have the same perimeter. Which field has a larger area?
60 metres 80 metres(a) (b)
Perimeter of Square = 4
×
side =
240604
=
metresArea of Square = Side² = 60² = 3600 square metrePerimeter of Rectangle = 2(length+breadth)Or, 240 = 2(80+breadth)Or, 80+breadth = 120Or, breadth = 120-80=40 metres

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