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SQL-99: Schema Definition, Basic Constraints, And Queries

SQL-99: Schema Definition, Basic Constraints, And Queries

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Published by akashdeepime

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Published by: akashdeepime on Aug 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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Chapter 8
SQL-99: Schema Definition,Basic Constraints, and Queries
 
Slide 2- 2
Chapter Summary
Overview of SQL
DDL/DML
Review of DDL features
Review of DML features
More on constraints: assertions, triggers
Views in SQL
 
Slide 2- 3
SQL Overview (1)
SQL: Structured Query Language
Standard language for commercial relational DBMSs
SEQUEL: Structured English QUEry Language
1978 System/R IBM- 1
st
Relational DBMS
1979 Oracle and Ingres
1982 SQL/DS and DB2 IBM
ANSI + ISO
SQL86 (SQL1) : first by ANSI and ratified by ISO (SQL-87), minor revision on 89(SQL-89)
SQL92 (SQL2) : major revision
SQL99 (SQL3) : add recursive query, trigger, some OO features,
Not fully endorsed by the industry
SQL2003 : XML, Window functions, etc
Window functions: a different kind of aggregate functions which require a"sliding window" of rows.
Minor revision to SQL 3, relatively new
There are some minor syntax differences among commercial DBMSs,but the majority of SQL is standard across DBMSs.

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