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Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants

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Published by ehem_4r2

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: ehem_4r2 on Aug 12, 2009
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06/09/2013

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Persea americana
AVOCADO
Constituents
Fruit: fixed oil, 6-10%; protein 1.3-6%.
Parts used
Bark, fruit, leaves and seeds.
Medicinal properties
Digestive, emmenagogue, antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal, pectoral,stomachic, anthelmintic, antiperiodic, antidiarrheal.
Uses
Nutritional
• A good source of vitamins A, some B, C and E, potassium (higher thanbananas) and fiber ; fair source of iron; low in calcium. A fruit with high-energy producing value, each edible pound allegedly provides an averageof 1,000 calories.• High in fat, about 25-35 gms on average. however, about 65% of it ishealth-promoting monosaturated fat, particularly oleic acid.
Folkloric
• The pulp is thought to promote menstruation.• Decoction of pulverized seeds used as gargles for toothaches.• The leaves and bark promote menstruation; the tea has been used toexpel worms.• Used for diarrhea and dysentery.• Rheumatism and neuralgia: Pulverize seeds or bark, mix with oil andapply on affected area ascounterirritant.• Beverage: Take decoction of leaves as tea.• Pulp is applied to shallow cuts, prevents infection.• Flesh of ripe fruit is soothing to sunburned skin.• In different parts of the world, has been recommended for anemia,exhaustion, high cholesterol, hypertension, gastritis and duodenal ulcers.The leaves have been reported effective as antitussive, antidiabetic,antiarthritic and antiinflammatory.
Others
• Juice from seeds used to make permanent ink for fabric lettering.
 
Bambusa spinosa
Roxb
.
BAMBOO
 
Parts utilized
:
Stems, roots, leaves.
Constituents and Properties
Emollient, diuretic and diaphoretic, emmenagogue, astringent.Leaves are considered stimulant, aromatic, tonic, emmenagogue, anthelminticand aphrodiasiac.The bark is astringent and used in hemorrhoids, nausea and vomiting.Leaves are rich in hydrocyanic and benzoic acids.
Uses
Folkloric
• Decoction of leaves as emmenagogue, to induce lochia after childbirth.• Decoction (20 gms for 1 liter ofwater; 3 cups daily) of stems of young shootsapplied externally for inflammed joints.• Decoction of leaves used to stimulate menstruation; also used for intestinalworms.• Poultice of young shoots used for dislodgement of worms from ulcers.• Decoction of roots used for anuria.• Decoction of shoots taken for respiratory ailments.• Poultice of tender shoots used for cleaning wounds. Decoction or juice of leaves applied to wounds.• Decoction of tender shoots used as abortifactient in the first month and in thelast month, to induce labor, and to facilitate placental expulsion.• In
India
, decoction of leaves used for diarrhea.
Nutrition
The young shoots (labong) are edible as vegetables, the seasonal ingredient inatchara preparations.
Others
• Bambusa spinosa is the most commonly used specie of bamboo in thePhilippines.• Used in the building of bamboo houses, furniture and household utensils.
Musa sapientum
Linn
.
BANANA
Constituents and properties
Demulcent, nutrient, cooling, astringent, antiscorbutic, antifebrile,restorative, emmenagogue, cardialgic, styptic.The ripe fruit is laxative.Juice of the flower-stem contains potash, soda, lime, magnesia, alumina,chlorine, sulfuric anhydride, silica and carbon anhydride.
 
Insert
Bunch of bananas with "puso" - male inflorescence. Young growth.
Parts used
Leaves, fruit.
Uses
Nutritional
The "puso" (male inflorescence) of saba is used as a vegetable.Unripe fruit is sugared and candied.Rich in vitamins A, B, and C; a fair source of iron.
Others
Plant fibers used in the manufacture of paper and clothes.Leaves used for wrapping food.
Folkloric
• Young leaves used for cool dressing of inflammed and blistered surfacesand as cool application for headaches.• Thinning hair: Apply the juice of the trunk to scalp.• Cooked flower used for diabetes.• Sap of the flower used for earaches.• In traditional medicine inIndia, used for diabetes.• InSouth-Western Nigeria, green fruits used for diabetes.
 
Momordica charantia
Linn.
 
BITTER GOURD / BITTER MELON
Properties
Considered astringent, antidiabetic, abortifacient, antirheumatic,contraceptive, galactagogue, parasiticide, anthelmintic, purgative, emetic,antipyretic, febrifuge, emmenagogue, cooling , tonic, vulnerary.
Parts utilized
Leaves, roots and fruits.
Uses
Folkloric
Astringent powdered leaves or root decoction can be applied tohemorrhoids.Leaf juice for cough and as a purgative and anthelminthic to expelintestinal parasites, and for healing wounds.Seeds also used to expel worms.Juice from fruit used for dysentery and chronic colitis.The vine or the juice of leaves used as mild purgative for children.

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