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Conturi Nationale

Conturi Nationale

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Published by Petra Paraschiv
Statistica
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Published by: Petra Paraschiv on Nov 17, 2013
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CONTURI NAÞIONALE
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS 
11
 
Teritorial11.14
Territorial 
310
CUPRINS TABELE
Pagina
Page 
TABLES CONTENTS 
SURSA DATELOR
Cercetãri statistice:
Valorificarea rezultatelor cercetãrilor statisticeelaborate în cadrul sistemului statisticii oficiale.
Surse administrative:
Ministerul Finanþelor Publice, pentru datele dinexecuþia bugetului public naþional, bilanþurilecontabile, precum ºi pentru datele privindimpozitarea veniturilor persoanelor fiziceindependente ºi asociaþiilor familiale;
Banca Naþionalã a României, pentru datele dinbalanþa de plãþi.
DATA SOURCE 
Statistical surveys: 
Turning into account the results of statistical surveys carried out within the system of official statistics.
Administrative sources: 
Ministry of Public Finances, for data provided on the execution of the state budget, the balance sheets, as well as for data concerning the tax on the income of family associations and individual natural persons; 
National Bank of Romania, for data from the balance of payments.
 
311
PRECIZÃRI METODOLOGICE
Conturile naþionale
au fost elaborate pe bazaprincipiilor metodologice ale Sistemului European deConturi 1995 (SEC 1995).
Contabilitatea naþionalã
reprezintã un ansamblucoerent ºi detaliat de conturi ºi tabele ce oferã o imaginecomparabilã ºi completã a activitãþii economice a uneiþãri.Aceasta clasificã marea varietate de fluxurieconomice într-un numãr restrâns de categoriifundamentale ºi le înscrie într-un cadru de ansamblu cepermite obþinerea unei reprezentãri a circuituluieconomic adaptatã nevoilor de analizã, previziune ºipoliticã economicã.Principalele conturi ce se elaboreazã în cadrulcontabilitãþii naþionale sunt:contul de producþie;contul de distribuire primarã a venitului;contul de exploatare;contul de alocare a veniturilor primare;contul de venit al întreprinderii;contul de alocare a altor venituri primare;contul de distribuire secundarã a venitului;contul de redistribuire a venitului în naturã;contul de utilizare a venitului;contul de utilizare a venitului disponibil;contul de utilizare a venitului disponibil ajustat;contul de capital;contul variaþiilor nete datorate economiei ºitransferurilor de capital;contul achiziþiilor de active nefinanciare;contul financiar;contul altor modificãri de active;conturile de patrimoniu;contul restului lumii.Tranzacþiile din conturile naþionale sunt clasate pesectoare instituþionale.
Sectorul instituþional
reprezintã ansamblulunitãþilor instituþionale ce au un comportament economicasemãnãtor.Unitãþile instituþionale sunt clasate însectoare, în funcþie de douã caracteristici reprezentativepentru comportamentul lor economic:categoria de producãtori;natura activitãþilor ºi a funcþiilor lor principale.Ansamblul de unitãþi instituþionale rezidente (unitãþice au centrul de interes pe teritoriul economic al uneiþãri) se grupeazã în cinci sectoare instituþionale:societãþinefinanciare;societãþi financiare;administraþii publice;gospodãriile populaþiei;instituþii fãrã scop lucrativ înserviciul gospodãriilor populaþiei.
Sectorul societãþi nefinanciare
cuprinde unitãþileinstituþionale dotate cu personalitate juridicã care suntproducãtori de piaþã ºi a cãror activitate principalã constã
METHODOLOGICAL NOTES 
Thenational accounts 
have been drawn up according to the methodological principles of European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA 1995).
National accounting
represents a coherent and detailed whole of accounts and tables, which give acomparable and complete picture of the economic activity of a country.It classifies the wide variety oeconomic flows into a low number of basic categories inscribing them in a frame allowing for obtaining arepresentation of the economic circuit adapted to the analyses, forecasts and economic policies requirements.The main accounts compiled within national accounting are: production accountprimary distribution of income account; generation of income account; allocation of primary income account; entrepreneurial income accountallocation of other primary income account; secondary distribution of income account; redistribution of income in kind account; use of income account; use of disposable income account; use of adjusted disposable income account; capital account; change in net worth due to saving and capital transfers account; acquisition of non-financial assets accountchanges in assets; other changes in volume of assets accountbalance sheetsrest of the world account.Transactions of national accounts are classified by institutional sector.
Institutional sector
groups together all the institutional units, which have a similar type of economic behaviour.Institutional units are grouped into sectors,according to the two following criteria, characteristic for their economic behaviour: producers class; the nature of activities and of their main economic function.The resident institutional units (units whose center of interest is placed on the economic territory of a certain country) are grouped in five institutional sectors:non- financial corporations;financial corporations;general government;households;non-profit institution servinhouseholds.
Non-financial corporations sector 
comprises the non-financial institutional units with legal status, that are market producers and whose function consists of 

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