This guide you will teach you how to make and use materials that will help yourpupils understand Mathematics better. It will cover teaching addition,subtraction, multiplication and division and cover the minimal set of skillsstudents will need to be able to deal with those mathematical situations theymay come across in daily life.
The development of mathematical skills in young children.
The development of mathematical skills in young children is very important.Before a child can start learning math in school, s/he has to develop theunderlying skills first. If the child does not develop these skills well enough, s/hewill almost certainly have difficulty mastering higher level skills. Therefore, if one of your pupils has problems with mathematics, you will need tocheck to see if he or she has learned all the skills of the first stage. Many childrenhave not had enough experience manipulating quantities in their pre-schoolyears and will need to work with the materials that will be described later in thischapter, so they can begin to develop all the skills needed to gain anunderstanding of higher order mathematical concepts.It is important that you show the child how to work with a concept through
the use of supporting materials
You basically do what the childshould be doing whilst you also talk about what you are doing. When the childstarts to handle the materials, you can, when necessary, talk the child throughwhat he or she is doing. Later, the child should be able to handle the materialscorrectly without your help, after which the child should be able to solveproblems without using these concrete materials.If you want to check if a child has understood what was taught you can ask thechild to teach (explain) the math problem to you. Asking a child to teach a skillback to you, will also help in finding out what it is a child does not yetunderstand about a new skill.
Developing an understanding of numbers and quantities.
During this stage, the child has to learn the meaning and use of the followingconcepts: