off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adapted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible, agronomic,biological and mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic materials, to fulfil any specific function within the system”.
In its simplistic formOrganic agriculture may be defined as a kind of diversified agriculture wherein crops and livestockare managed through use of integrated technologieswith preference to depend on resources availableeither at farm or locally. It emphasizes more onoptimising the yield potential of crops and livestockunder given set of farming conditions rather thanmaximization. To promote organic agriculture and toensure fair practices in international trade of organicfood, the Codex Alimentarius Commission, alsoframed certain guidelines for the production,processing, labelling and marketing of organicallyproduced foods.8.
The popularity of organic farming is graduallyincreasing and now organic agriculture is practisedin almost all countries of the world, and its share of agricultural land and farms is growing. As per arecent report of International Federation of OrganicAgriculture Movements (IFOAM) the total organicallymanaged area is more than 24 million hectaresworld-wide Organic farming is practised inapproximately 130 countries of the world and thearea under organic management is continuallygrowing. Although production of organic crops isincreasing across the globe, sales are concentrated inthe industrialised parts of the world.9.
In addition, the area of certified wild harvestedplants is at least a further 10.7 million hectares,according to various certification bodies. The market