3 Center for American Progress | What to Watch in Warsaw
Furhermore, he repor ﬁnds ha i we wai o ac, high-carbon-emission inrasrucure will coninue o be buil, which would veer us urher rom he pah oward 2 degrees. I will also be more expensive because o he aser ransiion rom ossil uel-based econo-mies oward clean energy economies ha will be required and he high price ag o climae change impacs. Over he pas wo years, climae-relaed exreme sorms, ﬂoods, hea waves, droughs, and wildﬁres killed more han 1,100 people and caused $188 bil-lion in damages in he Unied Saes alone.
Te urgency o his siuaion requires negoiaors o urn heir atenion o closing he gap beween paries’ pledges o reduce emissions by 2020 and he reducions required o keep he 2 degree arge in sigh. Tis is known in he climae alks as he “ambiion gap.”o narrow he gap, he UNEP repor quaniﬁes urher emissions reducions ha could be achieved by enhancing curren pledges and addiional inernaional and naional mea-sures, such as improved pracices in he agriculural secor and ossil uel subsidy reorm. I also recommends inernaional cooperaion on energy eﬃciency and renewable energy.Te process o ideniying areas o miigaion poenial and pahways or achieving reducions is an imporan sep oward closing he ambiion gap. A proposal
by he Alliance o Small Island Saes, or AOSIS, would insiuionalize his in he UNFCCC process.
Te Unied Saes suppors he AOSIS proposal in is ambiion submission.
Te insiuions o he COP can be harnessed o aciliae he process, such as he Clean echnology Cener and Nework, or CCN, which can provide echnical assisance o increase capaciy or cos-eﬀecive miigaion eﬀors in developing counries.
An imporan oucome o he Warsaw COP will be he ull implemenaion o he CCN.Bu as he Cener or American Progress has said, we also mus look ouside he UNFCCC o say on rack or he 2 degree arge.
Bilaeral cooperaion and mulila-eral cooperaion on climae and clean energy in oher orums is necessary. For example, we mus ramp up acion in he Climae and Clean Air Coaliion, in which more han 30 governmens work ogeher wih businesses; U.N. bodies; he World Bank; and nongov-ernmenal organizaions, or NGOs, o ackle super polluansgreenhouse gases such as black carbon and mehane ha are more powerul han carbon dioxide bu remain in he amosphere or a shorer period o ime.
Te mos signiﬁcan opporuniy o reduce emissions in he near erm is hrough a phasedown o hydroﬂuorocarbons, or HFCssuper polluans ha are hundreds o housands o imes more poen han CO
in he Monreal Proocol.
A phase-down o HFCs in he Monreal Proocol can avoid 1.9 GCO2e by 2020 and more han 95 GCO2e by mid-cenury. Tere is no ime o wase. Jus las week, he World Meeorological Organizaion repored ha he amoun o greenhouse gases in he amo-sphere reached a new record high in 2012, an upward rend ha is expeced o coninue under business-as-usual condiions.