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J. Heinbockel - Introduction to Tensor Calculus and Continuum Mechanics

J. Heinbockel - Introduction to Tensor Calculus and Continuum Mechanics

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Introduction toTensor CalculusandContinuum Mechanics
by J.H. Heinbockel Department of Mathematics and StatisticsOld Dominion University 
This is an introductory text which presents fundamental concepts from the subjectareas of tensor calculus, differential geometry and continuum mechanics. The materialpresented is suitable for a two semester course in applied mathematics and is flexibleenough to be presented to either upper level undergraduate or beginning graduate studentsmajoring in applied mathematics, engineering or physics. The presentation assumes thestudents have some knowledge from the areas of matrix theory, linear algebra and advancedcalculus. Each section includes many illustrative worked examples. At the end of eachsection there is a large collection of exercises which range in difficulty. Many new ideasare presented in the exercises and so the students should be encouraged to read all theexercises.The purpose of preparing these notes is to condense into an introductory text the basicdefinitions and techniques arising in tensor calculus, differential geometry and continuummechanics. In particular, the material is presented to (i) develop a physical understandingof the mathematical concepts associated with tensor calculus and (ii) develop the basicequations of tensor calculus, differential geometry and continuum mechanics which arisein engineering applications. From these basic equations one can go on to develop moresophisticated models of applied mathematics. The material is presented in an informalmanner and uses mathematics which minimizes excessive formalism.The material has been divided into two parts. The first part deals with an introduc-tion to tensor calculus and differential geometry which covers such things as the indicialnotation, tensor algebra, covariant differentiation, dual tensors, bilinear and multilinearforms, special tensors, the Riemann Christoffel tensor, space curves, surface curves, cur-vature and fundamental quadratic forms. The second part emphasizes the application of tensor algebra and calculus to a wide variety of applied areas from engineering and physics.The selected applications are from the areas of dynamics, elasticity, fluids and electromag-netic theory. The continuum mechanics portion focuses on an introduction of the basicconcepts from linear elasticity and fluids. The Appendix A contains units of measurementsfrom the Syst`eme International d’Unit`es along with some selected physical constants. TheAppendix B contains a listing of Christoffel symbols of the second kind associated withvarious coordinate systems. The Appendix C is a summary of useful vector identities.J.H. Heinbockel, 1996
Copyright c
1996 by J.H. Heinbockel. All rights reserved.Reproduction and distribution of these notes is allowable provided it is for non-profitpurposes only.

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