Gonzalez, Kristy ENC 1102 3
HESTON, L. L., and JAMES SHIELDS. "Homosexuality In Twins: A Family Study And A Registry Study." Archives Of General Psychiatry 18.2 (1968): 149-160. PsycINFO. Web. 17 Oct. 2013.
This article written by Heston, a professor at the Iowa State Medical School, investigated a family with 14 children in which there were 3 pairs of monozygotic twins, and of these 3 pairs, 2 sets were homosexual. No different environmental factors were detected that may have played a big role in the etiology of the orientation. The fact that 4 out of the 12 kids in that family are homosexual show a strong correlation with genetics as a big factor in homosexual etiology. This source was selected to be represented in this annotated bibliography because it shows more evidence that might soon lead to a specific etiology of homosexuality.
Jane P. Sheldon PhD , Carla A. Pfeffer MSW , Toby Epstein Jayaratne PhD , Merle Feldbaum BA & Eizabeth M. Petty MD (2007) Beliefs About the Etiology of Homosexuality and About the Ramifications of Discovering Its Possible Genetic Origin, Journal of Homosexuality, 52:3-4.
In this academic journal written by several people, the main author is Jane P. Sheldon, an associate professor in psychology at the University of Michigan, who explores
the population’s beliefs of the etiology of homosexuality. The study consisted of a 40
-minute structured interview with a national probability sample of 1200 White and Black respondents throughout the United States. Out of these numbers sub samples were taken out of both groups. She categorized their responses in terms of whether they said genes were responsible fully, partly, for some people, or not at all. 25 respondents believed that genes are at least partly the cause of homosexuality, 5 participants said that genes play a role for some people but not for others, and 43 respondents felt that genes play no role. The remaining participants stated that they did not know. This source relates to my research because it delineates the current conversation and beliefs of the population on this topic.
Laura Badenes-Ribera, et al. "Etiology Of Homosexuality And Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Parenting: A Randomized Study." Journal Of Sex Research (2013): MEDLINE. Web. 17 Oct. 2013.
This journal article is written by Frias-Navarro D, Monterde-I-Bort H, Pascual-Soler M, and Badenes-Ribera L who are all members of the Department of Psychology from the University of Valencia. This article focuses on the etiology of homosexuality and attitudes toward same-sex parenting. In this study a sample of the population was surveyed about whether they believed that homosexuality had a genetic etiology or and environmental etiology and how that affected their attitudes toward social rights and same-sex parenting. The sample was composed of 190 Spanish university students with a mean age of 22.07 years. The results showed that participants who believed that sexual orientation had a genetic etiology showed greater support for social rights and less rejection of same-sex parenting. As for the participants who believed it was an environmental factor, they showed a lesser tolerance for the idea of same-sex parenting. This was included in my bibliography mainly because it is a discussion of the potential
etiology of homosexuality and the population’s views on it.