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First Two Annotated Bibs

First Two Annotated Bibs

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Published by: Kristy Ariel Gonzalez on Nov 19, 2013
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 Gonzalez 1
Homosexuality Within Our Society
Introduction
Homosexuality is a lifestyle that arises many q
uestions in today’s research.
 The main question that is constantly being researched what causes people identify themselves as homosexual whether it be gay or lesbian. Many of the research studies that have been employed have used twin studies to yield very similar results. Most researchers have found that there are both biological factors that play a role as well as environmental factors. There is
n’t a known gene
yet that contributes to this biological factor but there are many current research projects trying to pin point that out. Delineating the etiology of homosexuality will allow people the scientific evidence to make decisions in regards to politics, morality, equal rights and so on. Beliefs about homosexuality and where it is derived from directly effects individuals who identify themselves that way.
Therefore, I’ve decided to also research how the society around us views homosexuality.
Whether it be the general population of even the health care providers and future health care providers. Most of the articles used in this annotated bibliography are scholarly research journals that have been done over the course of the last few years. They types of authors that wrote many of my sources are highly qualified medical professionals, long time researchers, Professors, etc. Within this medical centered discourse community many discussions on homosexuality have been ongoing for decades. Different theories of the etiology have been brought to light as well as ways to change the societies perspective on homosexuality so that better relationships are established like doctor-patient relationships. The intended audience for this research is mostly doctors, therapists, families that are affected by homosexuality in their homes, as well as anyone else who is interested. This research
 
 Gonzalez 2 is cutting edge research and is still pretty new which is why there are still a lot of gaps within it. This lifestyle of homosexuality has become prominent in the more recent generations. Expectations of much more research and discoveries are to come but for now this annotated bibliography discusses the current research that is out there on this topic.
Dahan, Rachel, Rotem Feldman, and Doron Hermoni. "Is Patients' Sexual Orientation A Blind Spot Of Family Physicians?." Journal Of Homosexuality 55.3 (2008): 524-532. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
 In this research article published by the journal of homosexuality, Rachel Dahan, a medical doctor whose done many years of research with this topic, decided to investigate a sample
of family physicians’ common practice regarding their patients sexual orientation. Even
though certain health needs of the LGBT community may be unique and different then
those of heterosexuals, according to her research, most doctors usually don’t ask patients
about their sexual orientation for reasons such as being to personal, or some doctors just
aren’t as open minded about this type of
lifestyle. Most of the physicians that were surveyed in this study knew less then 0.5% homosexuals in their practice, 44.4% did not even know of any homosexual patients in their practice. Only one physician in this study regularly asked his patients about their sexual orientation. This is an issue with the LGBT community because it negligence of asking this question can lead to receiving less medical quality care. This source was included in my annotated bibliography because it goes into how doctors perspective on this lifestyle can affect the medical care that these people receive just by simple negligence.
 
 Gonzalez 3
Donald L. Gabard PhD (1999) Homosexuality and the Human Genome Project, Journal of Homosexuality, 37:1, 25-51. In this academic journal Donald L. Gabard, an associate professor in the division of physical therapy at Chapman University, evaluates existing research about the idea of nature vs. nurture in the case of homosexuality. Using a sample of 56 pairs of identical twins, 54 pairs of  fraternal twins, 142 non-twin brothers of the twins, and 57 pairs of brothers who were adopted, found that the concordance rate for homosexuality among the identical twins of the initially identified homosexual twins was 52%, among fraternal twins it was 22%, between non-twin biological brothers it was 9.2%, and for adopted brothers it was 11%. According to this research both genetics and environment appear to have the potential to influence sexual orientation. This source relates to my research because it shows the relationship between twins and their genetic correspondence to try and determine what is the etiology of homosexuality. HESTON, L. L., and JAMES SHIELDS. "Homosexuality In Twins: A Family Study And A Registry Study."  Archives Of General Psychiatry 18.2 (1968): 149-160. PsycINFO. Web. 17 Oct. 2013.
 This article written by Heston, a professor at the Iowa State Medical School, investigated a family with 14 children in which there were 3 pairs of monozygotic twins, and of these 3 pairs, 2 sets were homosexual. No different environmental factors were detected that may

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