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Pacific Energy Update 2012

Pacific Energy Update 2012

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This document provides an update of the existing 2012 portfolio of Pacific energy sector projects and a summary of requested assistance for 2013.
This document provides an update of the existing 2012 portfolio of Pacific energy sector projects and a summary of requested assistance for 2013.

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Published by: Asian Development Bank on Nov 19, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/19/2013

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Energy
Pacific
 
Update 2012
 
 Printed on recycled paper
For more information, contact:
Robert Guild Anthony Maxwell Paul Hattle Martina TonizzoDirector Senior Energy Specialist Energy Specialist Young Professionalrguild@adb.org amaxwell@adb.org phattle@adb.org mtonizzo@ab.orgTransport, Energy, and Natural Resources Division, Pacific Department© 2012 Asian Development Bank The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent.ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use.By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.ADB encourages printing or copying information exclusively for personal and noncommercial use with proper acknowledgment of ADB. Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes without the express, written consent of ADB.Photo credits: Luis Ascui, Anthony Maxwell, and Gerhard ZierothNote: In this publication, “$” refers to US dollars.
Contents
2
ADB Energy Sector Projects in the Pacific Developing Member Countries
3
Map
4
Cook Islands
5
Marshall Islands
6
Federated States of Micronesia
7
Papua New Guinea
9
Samoa
10
Solomon Islands
11
Tonga
12
Vanuatu
13
Regional Initiatives
 
1
 
Pacific
Energy
 
Update 2012
Paci󿬁c developing member countries (DMCs) are highly dependent on imported fossil fuel for their electricity generation. Te cost of importing fuel is high and volatile; this puts a major strain on the resources of countries, and threatens the sustainability of their growth and development. Meanwhile, in several countries in the Paci󿬁c region, the proportion of households with access to electricity is extremely low, some as little as 10%. Te Asian Development Bank (ADB) focuses on three strategic areas in the energy sector in the Paci󿬁c DMCs: improving the effi ciency of electricity generation and use, expanding access to electricity by households, and supporting conversion to renewable sources of energy. Accordingly, ADB’s objectives in the Paci󿬁c DMCs include:
 
Rehabilitating existing infrastructure
. Major improvements to old and ineffi cient equipment can be undertaken to achieve supply-side effi ciency at the least cost. Examples include the replacement of ineffi cient generator sets, resizing of transformers, and retro󿬁tting of overhead line conductors.
 
Improving access to electricity 
. ADB is expanding electricity grids in unserved areas and helping communities to use the new source of energy in their livelihood chores, learning in schools , and getting treatment in health care facilities.
 
Supporting conversion to renewable energy 
. Reliance on imported fossil fuels can be reduced by generating power from renewable sources. Tis is particularly true in the Paci󿬁c region where cost competitive renewable energy technologies are being implemented. ADB is piloting and upscaling technologies, such as a small-scale hydropower; grid-connected solar power; indigenous biofuels; and wind power.
 
Supporting energy effi ciency 
. Improving the effi ciency of energy use by customers offers signi󿬁cant potential for fuel savings. Trough its 󿬂agship program, Promoting Energy Effi ciency in the Paci󿬁c, ADB is providing support to a range of initiatives including Minimum Energy Performance Standards for appliances, public awareness raising, and effi cient lighting and buildings.
 
Developing the private sector 
. Private sector involvement in the power sector in the Paci󿬁c region is important to help overcome the constraints faced by governments due to limited capital and technical capacity. ADB is helping to establish appropriate regulatory frameworks to foster private sector participation in the power sector and increase government capacity in managing private sector contracts. ADB is also improving access to international carbon 󿬁nance through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Examples of these initiatives across the region are detailed in the following sections. Tis update is produced annually by ADB’s Paci󿬁c Department.

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