Paciﬁc are multi-vessel, vertically inte-grated companies, with an involvement in land-side transport and even in restaurants. For an individual vessel the tuna catch can ﬂuctuate signiﬁcantly from year to year and proﬁts in one year may be followed by several bad years. Integration and diversi-ﬁcation allows the company to survive the years where returns on ﬁshing eﬀort are poor. Small players don’t typically have this capacity.
Provide a business environment in which private investors want to operate.
It is not the core business of govern-ment to fully or partially own ﬁshing companies or vessels. Tese are com-mercial ventures which should be left solely to industry professionals.
Processing, Transshipment and Ancillary Services
A line must be drawn between the role of the government and that of the private sec-tor. Experience shows that activities related to production and postharvest are better undertaken by the private sector. Paciﬁc countries face signiﬁcant challenges in the development of competitive process-ing plants that could help retain a greater amount of ﬁsheries revenue. Infrastructural barriers include a lack of handling and shipping infrastructure, insuﬃ cient water supplies; stable supply of electricity, and poor transport networks. Te long dis-tance to market, and from supplies (such as cans, machinery, and so on), are also factors, as are problems with ﬂuctuating local currencies.
More recently, increas-ingly stringent food safety standards have required signiﬁcant investment in im-proved processing facilities, and monitor-ing and certiﬁcation systems. Te impact and beneﬁts for local communities and landowners, the implications of the use of resources such as power and water, and the impact on the environment all need careful consideration and oversight.
Bilateral Agreements with the European Union (EU)
In July 2006 the European Community and the Republic of Kiribati negotiated a 6 year bilateral Fisheries Partnership Agreement. This Agreement provides fishing possibilities, exclusively for tuna, for 16 EU vessels fishing in the waters of Kiribati. The annual EU financial contribution will amount to
478,000, coming both from Government and ves-sel owners. The EU indicated that this agreement occupies a key position in the future network of tuna agreements to be set up in the Pacific Ocean, together with the agree-ments with the Solomon Islands and Micronesia, which at that time were initialled and awaiting formal ratification.
Source: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/06/1039&format=HTML&aged=0& language=EN&guiLanguage=en
Kiribati’s Fisheries Training Centre
The Kiribati Fisheries Training Centre was established in 1989, with Japanese aid support, to provide training for employment on largely Japanese fishing vessels. Japan provided funding for the training of up to 72 crew annually. Hiring of the trainees is through two locally-based recruitment agencies: Kiribati Fisherman’s Services Ltd, which is 99% owned by the Federation of Japan Tuna Fisheries Cooperative Associations; and Central Pacific Producers. In 2005 about 400-500 Kiribati fishermen were employed on overseas fishing vessels. Kiribati fishing crew serving on foreign vessels remit over US$ 0.8 million per year in wages back to Kiribati. Of this some 80% goes to the outer islands, making a significant contribution to their local economies.
Sources: Barclay, K. 2007. Capturing the Wealth from Tuna. ANU Press. Canberra. Australia. FAO. 2002. Profil De La Pêche Par Pays. http://www.fao.org/fi/oldsite/FCP/en/KIR/profile.htm
Exchange a sustainable long term industry for short term ﬁnancial gain. Ensure the outcome promotes a sustainable industry with reputable operators.
Underestimate the costs involved in the value chain between ﬁsheries ac-cess and market. A 2003 estimate for the Paciﬁc was that access fees were equivalent to 5-6% of the ﬁnal market value of tuna.
Te appropriateness of this level cannot be considered with-out information on the costs incurred in ﬁshing, processing, transport and marketing.
Employment of seafarers
Seafaring, including on ﬁshing vessels, can be a lucrative career, which enables the extended family to be supported. Seafarers are also an important source of foreign ex-change to a country.
Support access to training by nationals to ensure the skill base needed by the ﬁshing industry is there.
As the beneﬁts of training are captured by an individual strong consideration should be given to charging for the training. Charging could occur once the person has gained employment.
Require ﬁshing companies to take on nationals as employees as a condi-tion of their access or licensing. Well trained locals should have a natural geographic advantage in accessing job opportunities.
As at September 2010, FFA had registered 1168 foreign ﬂagged vessels for ﬁshing in its members’ waters. Te most ﬁnancially successful companies operating in the
3 Josie amate, ‘Access Agreements: South Paciﬁc Forum Fisheries Agency’ in FAO Fisheries Report No. 732, Supplement,
Papers Presented at the Workshop and Exchange of Views on Fiscal Reforms for Fisheries – To Promote Growth, Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Management
Rome, 13-15 October 2003. Available at http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5718e/y5718e07.htm 4 Oxfam New Zealand. 2006. Fishing for a Future: Te Advantages and Drawbacks of a Comprehensive Fisheries Agreement between the Paciﬁc and European Union.