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P. 1

ENGINEERING GRAPHICS (ENGINEERING DRAWING) by P.H.JainRatings:

5.0

(1)|Views: 7,060|Likes: 77Published by Prof. P. H. Jain

This text book of Engineering Graphics consists Projections of Points and Lines, Projections of Planes, Projections of Solids, Sections of Solids, Orthographic Projections, Sectional Orthographic Projections, Missing Views, Isometric Views/Projections, Engineering Curves, Development of Surfaces.

It also consists solution of Dr. B. A. M. University, Aurangabad and Swami Ramanand Tirth Marathwada University question papers.

Pages : 310, M.R.P. : 210/-

It also consists solution of Dr. B. A. M. University, Aurangabad and Swami Ramanand Tirth Marathwada University question papers.

Pages : 310, M.R.P. : 210/-

This text book of Engineering Graphics consists Projections of Points and Lines, Projections of Planes, Projections of Solids, Sections of Solids, Orthographic Projections, Sectional Orthographic Projections, Missing Views, Isometric Views/Projections, Engineering Curves, Development of Surfaces.

It also consists solution of Dr. B. A. M. University, Aurangabad and Swami Ramanand Tirth Marathwada University question papers.

Pages : 310, M.R.P. : 210/-

It also consists solution of Dr. B. A. M. University, Aurangabad and Swami Ramanand Tirth Marathwada University question papers.

Pages : 310, M.R.P. : 210/-

See more

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/18536757/ENGINEERING-GRAPHICS-ENGINEERING-DRAWING-by-P-H-Jain

05/11/2014

text

original

Please Refer Sample pages of the book.

Fig. 1.9Fig. 1.10

6. Draw the projections of following points on the same reference line, keeping the projectors 30 mm apart.a) Point A, 40 mm above the H.P. and 25 mm in front of the V.P.b) Point B, in the H.P. and 20 mm behind the V.P.c) Point C, in the V.P. and 40 mm above the H.P.d) Point D, 25 mm below the H.P. and 25 mm behind the V.P.e) Point E, 15 mm above the H.P. and 40 mm behind the V.P.f) Point F, 40 mm below the H.P. and 25 mm in front of the V.P.g) Point G , in the H.P. and V.P.Also mention the quadrant in which they lie.

Solution : Draw the projections of each point 30 mm apart as shown in fig. 1.9.

7. A poi

nt 'P' is 40 mm from both the reference planes. Draw its projections in all possible positions.

Solution : As there are four quadrants, there are four possible positions of point P. (i.e point P in

1

st

,

2

nd

,

3

rd

and

4

th

quadrant).Refer fig. 1.10.If Point P is in

1

st

quadrant; then

p

′′′′

will be 40 mm

above

x-y line and

p

will be 40 mm

below

x-y line.If Point P is in

2

nd

quadrant; then

p

′′′′

and

p

will be 40 mm

above

x-y line.If Point P is in

3

rd

quadrant; then

p

′′′′

will be 40 mm

below

x-y line and

p

will be 40 mm

above

x-y line.If Point P is in

4

th

quadrant; then

p

′′′′

and

p

will be 40 mm

below

x-y line.

Enineerin Grahics Proections of Points and Straiht Lines 1.9

a

′′′′

a

b

′′′′

bc

′′′′

cd

′′′′

de

′′′′

ef

′′′′

f g

′′′′

g

A is in

1

st

Quad.

B is in

2

nd

&

3

rd

Quad.

C is in

1

st

&

2

nd

Quad.

D is in

3

rd

Quad.

E is in

2

nd

Quad.

F is in

4

th

Quad.

G is inAll Four Quadrants

p

′′′′

pp

′′′′

pp

′′′′

pp

′′′′

p

Point P in

1

st

Quad.

Point P in

2

nd

Quad.

Point P in

3

rd

Quad.

Point P in

4

th

Quad.

Important Notes :

1) When line is

|| to V.P.

, its

F.V shows T.L.

of line and true inclination of line with H.P. (

θθθθ

) and its

T.V is || to x-y

line.2) When line is

|| to H.P.

, its

T.V shows T.L.

of line and true inclination of line with V.P. (

φφφφ

) and its

F.V. is || to x-y

line.

Problems on lines inclined (

∠∠∠∠

) to one reference plane and || to other :

Fig. 1.27 (a) Pictorial View of Line ABFig. 1.27 (b) Orthographic Projections of Line AB

c

′

cd

′

dd

Fig. 1.28 (a) Pictorial View of Line CDFig. 1.28 (b) Orthographic Projections of Line CD

1. A line AB, 50 mm long has its end A 15 mm above H.P. and 20 mm in front of V.P. Draw the projections of line AB, whenit is 30

O

∠∠∠∠

to H.P. and || to V.P. Point B is in 1stquadrant.

Solution : Refer fig. 1.27 (a) and (b).

Procedure :

1. Since A is 15 mm above H.P.; mark

a

′′′′

15 mm above x-y line. Since A is 20 mm in front of V.P.; mark

a

20 mm below x-y line. (

a

′′′′

is F.V. and

a

is T.V. of point A).2. Since line AB of 50 mm length, is 30

O

∠

to H.P.; through

a

′′′′

, draw line

a

′′′′

b

′′′′

of 50 mm length and 30

O

∠

to x-y line. [Since B is in 1

st

quadrant,

b

′′′′

should be above x-y line]. Through point

b

′′′′

, draw projector of B vertically downward.3. Since line AB is || to V.P.; through

a

, draw a line || to x-y line up to projector of B, and mark

b

. Join

a

-b

.Line

a

′′′′

b

′′′′

and line

a

b

are the required F.V. and T.V. of line AB respectively.

2. The F.V. of a line CD, 75 mm long, measures 55 mm. The line is || to H.P. and

∠∠∠∠

to V.P. Its end C is 20 mm above H.P. andin V.P. Draw its projections and determine its inclination with V.P. Point D is in 1

st

quadrant.

Solution : Refer fig. 1.28 (a) and (b).

1. Since C is 20 mm above H.P.; mark

c

′′′′

20 mm above x-y line. Since C is in V.P.; mark

c

on x-y line. (

c

′′′′

is F.V. and

c

is T.V. of point C).2. Since F.V. of CD measures 55 mm and line is || to H.P.; through

c

′′′′

, draw

c

′′′′

d

′′′′

55 mm long and || to x-y line. Through

d

′′′′

, draw projector of D.We know that when line is

|| to H.P.

, then its

T.V shows T.L.

of line.3. Therefore, with center

c

and radius = T.L. = 75 mm, cut the projector of D at

d

. Join

c-d

and measure

φφφφ

. [Since D is in 1

st

quadrant,

d

should be below x-y line].Line

c

′′′′

d

′′′′

and line

cd

are the required F.V. and T.V. of line CD respectively.

1.14 Proections of Points and Straiht Lines Enineerin Grahics

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