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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Purpose and Content of this Report
Setting the Stage
Research Planning and Related Activities
The NRC Committee
EPA Research Planning Activities
Grants Focused on PM Research
PM Research Centers
PM Supersites Program
Health Effects Institute
ORD In-House Research
Five Years of Progress
References
Key Uncertainties, Objectives, and Special Issues
Major Accomplishments
Longitudinal PM Exposure Studies
Controlled Experiments
The Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation Model
Programmatic Need and Relevance
Future Directions
Special Issues, Objectives, and Key Uncertainties
Future Activities
Key Uncertainties and Special Issues
Source-Oriented Models
Receptor-Oriented Models
Atmospheric Chemistry
Physicochemical Attributes of PM
Acid Aerosols
Ultrafine PM (Size, Surface Area, Number)
Fine and Coarse PM
Chemical Properties
Inorganic Constituents
Metals
Organic Constituents and Diesel Exhaust Particles (DEPs)
Biogenic Constituents
Source-Specific Effects
Gaseous Co-Pollutants
Studies on Long-Term Exposure to PM
Ambient PM Exacerbation of Respiratory Disease Conditions
Ambient PM Exacerbation of CVD Conditions
Age-Related At-Risk Population Groups: The Elderly and Children
Chronic Exposures and Susceptibility
Effect of PM on Infectivity
PM Affects Autonomic Control of the Heart
PM Alters Cardiac Repolarization
PM Exposure Is Associated with Cardiac Arrythmias and MIs
Interaction Between PM and/or Its Soluble Components and the Heart
PM Exposure Can Affect the Vascular System
Key Uncertainties
Statistical Methods
Multi-city Analyses
Spatial Analytical Methods
“Harvesting”
Dose-Response/Threshold Issues
Confounding
Model Specification
Statistical Techniques
Alternative Statistical Techniques
Measurement Error and Misclassification
Spatial Error
Difference Between Ambient Concentration and Exposure
Uncertainties in the Measurement of Ambient Concentrations
Precision
Loss of Semivolatile PM Mass in PM Measurements
Alternate Indicators
Source Category Contributions
FRM Program
Measurement of PM Species
Field Studies
Advanced Measurement Techniques
Network Design and Implementation
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Environmental Protection Agency: pm research program five years of progress

Environmental Protection Agency: pm research program five years of progress

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Published by: Environmental Documents on Jan 28, 2008
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04/10/2013

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