FV1201 – Energy Transfer and Thermodynamics Definition of terms
©HO Yuet Ming/08-09 2
Adiabatic process undergone by a perfect gas
Adiabatic means having no heat transfer, Q = 0. For a perfect gas, PV
It is the sequence of processes a control mass undergoes as it passes through a number of thermodynamic state and ultimately returns to its original state.
First Law of Thermodynamics
If a closed system is taken through a cycle, the net work done is directly proportional to the netheat transfer, i.e.,
Q = 0.
Second Law of Thermodynamics
It is impossible to construct a system which will operate in a cycle, extract heat from a reservoir,and do an equivalent amount of work on the surrounding, or equivalent statement.
A device operates continuously, or cyclically, and produces a net work output while energytransfer by heating takes place across the boundary of the device.
A heat pump is a device which moves thermal energy from a lower-temperature source to ahigher-temperature sink, using a work input to do so.
It is a thermodynamic property designated by S and is defined by dS = (
. Entropyremains constant during a reversible and adiabatic(isentropic) process.
Heating value of a fuel
It is the amount of heat released when a specified amount of fuel at room temperature iscompletely burned and the combustion products are cooled to the room temperature.
Adiabatic flame temperature
It is the maximum attainable temperature of the product gases under adiabatic operation of thereactor and complete combustion conditions.
It is the actual pressure at a given position and it is measured relative to absolute vacuum (i.e.,absolute zero pressure).