In Topic 1, we learned that two electric charges at rest exert electrostatic forces on each other according to Coulomb’s law. This Coulombic force depends on the value of the charges and also the distance between them. When the charges are in motion, there are magnetic forces between the moving charges in addition to the electric forces between them. The magnetic force depends on the velocity,
, of the charge, and the charge,
MAGNETIC FIELD LINES
6.1.1 Bar Magnets
Surrounding any magnet is a magnetic field. This magnetic field represents the effect of the magnet on its surroundings.
By the end of this topic, you should be able to:
Describe magnetic fields around permanent magnets and between like and unlike poles.
Demonstrate the concept of magnetic fields by sprinkling iron filings to observe the imaginary magnetic field lines around magnets;
Describe the magnetic field around a current-carrying conductor, loop of conductor and solenoid;
Calculate the magnitude and direction of the magnetic force on a moving charge in a magnetic field and on a current-carrying conductor
Define and apply Biot-Savart’s Law and Ampere’s Law; and
Explain in simple terms the origin of magnetism in materials.