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Hinduism and Buddhism, Volume II , By Charles Eliot

Hinduism and Buddhism, Volume II , By Charles Eliot

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Hinduism and Buddhism, Volume 2
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)by Charles Eliot This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictionswhatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg Licenseincluded with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3) An Historical SketchAuthor: Charles EliotRelease Date: August 19, 2005 [EBook #16546]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM ***Produced by Jonathan Ingram, Sankar Viswanathan and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team athttp://www.pgdp.netTranscriber's Note:Volume 1 may be found at http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/1/5/2/5/15255/ Excerpts from the Preface to the book from Volume 1, regarding the method of transcription used."In the following pages I have occasion to transcribe words belonging to many oriental languages in Latincharacters. Unfortunately a uniform system of transcription, applicable to all tongues, seems not to bepractical at present. It was attempted in the Sacred Books of the East, but that system has fallen into disuseand is liable to be misunderstood. It therefore seems best to use for each language the method of transcriptionadopted by standard works in English dealing with each, for French and German transcriptions, whatever theirmerits may be as representations of the original sounds, are often misleading to English readers, especially inChinese. For Chinese I have adopted Wade's system as used in Giles's Dictionary, for Tibetan the system of Sarat Chandra Das, for Pali that of the Pali Text Society and for Sanskrit that of Monier-Williams's SanskritDictionary, except that I write s instead of s. Indian languages however offer many difficulties: it is often hardto decide whether Sanskrit or vernacular forms are more suitable and in dealing with Buddhist subjectswhether Sanskrit or Pali words should be used. I have found it convenient to vary the form of proper namesaccording as my remarks are based on Sanskrit or on Pali literature, but this obliges me to write the sameword differently in different places, e.g. sometimes Ajâtasatru and sometimes Ajâtasattu, just as in a bookdealing with Greek and Latin mythology one might employ both Herakles and Hercules. Also many Indiannames such as Ramayana, Krishna, nirvana have become Europeanized or at least are familiar to allEuropeans interested in Indian literature. It seems pedantic to write them with their full and accuratecomplement of accents and dots and my general practice is to give such words in their accurate spelling(Râmâyana, etc.) when they are first mentioned and also in the notes but usually to print them in their simplerand unaccented forms. I fear however that my practice in this matter is not entirely consistent since differentparts of the book were written at different times."LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS [From Volume 1]
Hinduism and Buddhism, Volume 21
 
The following are the principal abbreviations used:Ep. Ind. Epigraphia India.E.R.E. Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (edited by Hastings).I.A. Indian Antiquary.J.A. Journal Asiatique.J.A.O.S. Journal of the American Oriental Society.J.R.A.S. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.P.T.S. Pali Text Society.S.B.E. Sacred Books of the East (Clarendon Press).HINDUISM AND BUDDHISMAN HISTORICAL SKETCHBYSIR CHARLES ELIOTIn three volumesVOLUME IIROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL LTDBroadway House, 68-74 Carter Lane,London, E.C.4.
First published 
1921
Reprinted 
1954
Reprinted 
1957
Reprinted 
1962PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN BYLUND HUMPHRIES LONDON - BRADFORDCONTENTSBOOK IVTHE MAHAYANA
Hinduism and Buddhism, Volume 22
 
CHAPTER
XVI.MAIN FEATURES OF THE MAHAYANAXVII. BODHISATTVASXVIII. THE BUDDHAS or MAHAYANISMXIX. MAHAYANIST METAPHYSICSXX. MAHAYANIST SCRIPTURESXXI. CHRONOLOGY OF THE MAHAYANAXXII. FROM KANISHKA TO VASUBANDHUXXIII. INDIAN BUDDHISM AS SEEN BY THE CHINESE PILGRIMSXXIV. DECADENCE OF BUDDHISM IN INDIABOOK VHINDUISMXXV. SIVA AND VISHNUXXVI. FEATURES OF HINDUISM: RITUAL, CASTE, SECT, FAITHXXVII. THE EVOLUTION OF HINDUISM. BHÂGAVATAS AND PÂSUPATASXXVIII. SANKARA. SIVAISM IN SOUTHERN INDIA. KASHMIR. LlNGÂYATSXXIX. VISHNUISM IN SOUTH INDIAXXX. LATER VISHNUISM IN NORTH INDIAXXXI. AMALGAMATION OF HINDUISM AND ISLAM. KABIR AND THE SIKHSXXXII. SÂKTISMXXXIII. HINDU PHILOSOPHYBOOK IVTHE MAHAYANA
CHAPTER3

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