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Chapter 2 Force and Motion TEACHER's GUIDE

Chapter 2 Force and Motion TEACHER's GUIDE

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Published by Ahmad Zaidi
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Published by: Ahmad Zaidi on Aug 15, 2009
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 JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Chapter 2 : Force and Motion
2.FORCE AND MOTION
2.1ANALYSING LINEAR MOTIO
Distance and displacement
1.Types of physical quantity:(i)Scalar quantity: ………………………………………………………………….(ii)Vector quantity: ………………………………………………………………2.The difference between distance and displacement:(i)Distance: …………………………………………………………………………(ii)Displacement: ……………………………………………………………………3.Distance always longer than displacement.4.Example:The following diagram shows the location of Johor Bahru and Desaru.You can travel by car using existing road via Kota Tinggi, or travel by asmall plane along straight path.Calculate how far it is from Johor Bahru to Desaru if you traveled by:a.The ca b.The plane Solution: Hands-on Activity 2.2 pg 10 of the practical book.Idea of distance and displacement, speed and velocity.
Speed and velocity
1.Speed is ..………………………………………………………………………………2.Velocity is: ..……………………………………………………………………………...3.Average of speed: ……………………………………………………………………4.Average of velocity: ……………………………………………………………………...1
has only a magnitudehas both magnitude and directionlength of the path takendistance of an object from a point in a certain directionthe distance traveled per unit time or rate of change of distancethe speed in a given direction or rate of change of displacement total distance traveled, s (m) , v = s m s
-1
 time taken, t (s) displacement, s (m) , v = s ms
-1
 Time taken, t (s)
Kota TinggiThe path traveled by the plane is shorter than travelled by thecar.a. by car = 41 + 53= 94 km b. by plane = 60 kmSo, Distance = 94 kmDisplacement = 60 km
 
60 km41 km53 kmDesaruJohor Bahru
 
 JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Chapter 2 : Force and Motion
5.Example:An aeroplane flies from A to B, which is located 300 km east of A. Upon reaching B, theaeroplane then flies to C, which is located 400 km north. The total time of flight is 4hours. Calculatei.The speed of the aeroplaneii.The velocity of the aeroplaneSolution:
Acceleration and deceleration
1.Study the phenomenon below;Observation: ………………………………………………………………………………2.Acceleration is, ……………………………………………………………………….Then, a =3. Example of acceleration; 220 m s
-1
0 m s
-1
40 m s
-1
The velocity of the car increases.the rate of change of velocity Final velocity – initial velocityTime of change
Or, a = v – u 
20 m s
-1
0 m s
-1
40 m s
-1
AB C
t = 2 st = 2 s
C
A
B300 km
i. Speed = DistanceTime= 300 + 4004= 175 km h
-1
 
400 km
ii. velocity = displacement time(Determine the displacement denoted by AC and its direction)= 125 km h
-1
(in the direction of 053
0
 )
A300 km
= . 500 .4
B
C400 km
 
 JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Chapter 2 : Force and Motion
Calculate the acceleration of car;i)from A to Bii)From B to C4.Deceleration happens ...………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5.Example of deceleration;A lorry is moving at 30 m s
-1
, when suddenly the driver steps on the brakes and it stop 5seconds later. Calculate the deceleration of lorry.
Analysing of motion
1.Linear motion can be studied in the laboratory using a ticker timer and a ticker tape.Refer text book photo picture 2.4 page 26.(i) Determination of time:(ii)Determination of displacement as the length of ticker tape over a period of time.
 
xy(iii) Determine the type of motion;……………………………………………………………………………………….....……….…………………………………………………………………………….. 3
a
 AB
= 20 0 = 10 m s
-2
2 
20 – 02= 10 m s
-2
a
 BC 
=40 20 = 10 m s
-2
2 when the velocity of an object decreases, In calculations, a will be negative Answer : v = 0 m s
-1
 , u = 30 m s
-1
 , t = 5 sThen , a = 0 30 = -6 m s
-2
 5
 
. . . . . . . .
the frequency of the ticker timer = 50 Hz ( 50 ticks in 1 second) so, 1 tick = 1 second = 0.02 seconds50 xy = displacement over time t t = 7 ticks= 0.14 s
. . . . . . . .
 
. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .
Uniform velocity Acceleration Acceleration, then deceleration

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