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Chapter 4 Heat Teacher's Guide

# Chapter 4 Heat Teacher's Guide

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01/26/2015

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JPN Pahang

Physics Module Form 4Teachers GuideChapter 4: Hea
4.1 : UNDERSTANDING THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM
By the end of this subtopic, you will be able to
Explain thermal equilibrium
Explain how a liquid-in glass thermometer works1.The net heat will flow from A to B until the temperature of A is the(
same, zero
as thetemperature of B. In this situation, the two bodies are said to have reached thermal equilibrium.2.When thermal equilibrium is reached, the net rate of heat flow between the two bodies is(
zero, equal)
3.There is no net flow of heat between two objects that are in thermal equilibrium. Twoobjects in thermal equilibrium have thesametemperature.
4.The liquid used in glass thermometer should
(a)Be easily seen(b)Expand and contract rapidly over a wide range of temperature(c)Not stick to the glass wall of the capillary tube
5.List the characteristic of mercury
(a)Opaque liquid (b)Does not stick to the glass(c)Expands uniformly when heated
(d)
Freezing point -39
0
(e)
Boiling point 357
0
6.(
Heat, Temperature
) is a form of energy. It flows from a hot body to a cold body.1

Thermal equilibrium:Keseimbangan terma
CHAPTER 4: HEAT
Faster . rate of energy transfer
HotobjectColdobject
Slower rate of energy transfer
Equivalent toEquivalent to
No net heat transfer
AB

JPN Pahang

Physics Module Form 4Teachers GuideChapter 4: Hea
7.The SI unit fo
(heat, temperature)
is Joule, J.8.( H
eat ,Temperature
) is the degree of hotness of a body9.The SI unit for (
heat ,temperature

) is Kelvin, K.10.
Lower fixed point (

0
)
/ ice point : the temperature of pure melting ice/0
0
C11.
Upper fixed point(

100)
/steam point: the temperature of steam from water that is boilingunder standard atmospheric pressure /100
0
C
Exercise 4.1Section A: Choose the best answer
1.The figure shows two metal blocks.Which the following statement isfalse?A.P and Q are in thermal contact
B.P and Q are in thermal equilibrium
C.Energy is transferred from P to QD.Energy is transferred from Q to P2.When does the energy go when a cupof hot tea cools?
A.It warms the surroundings
B.It warms the water of the teaC.It turns into heat energy anddisappears.3.Which of the following temperaturecorresponds to zero on the Kelvinscale?A.273
0
CB.0
0
CC.
-273
0
D.100
0
C4.How can the sensitivity of a liquid-in –glass thermometer be increased?A.Using a liquid which is a better conductor of heatB.
Using a capillary tube with anarrower bore
.2
0
: length of mercury at ice point
100
: length of mercury at steam point
θ
: length of mercury at θ point

Temperature, θ =
θ
-
0
100
-
0
x 100
0
C

JPN Pahang

Physics Module Form 4Teachers GuideChapter 4: Hea
C.Using a longer capillary tubeD.Using a thinner-walked bulb5.Which instrument is most suitablefor measuring a rapidly changingtemperature?A.Alcohol-in glassthermometer
B.Thermocouple
C.Mercury-in-glassthermometer D.Platinum resistancethermometer When shaking hands with Anwar,Kent Hui niticed that Anwar’s hand wascold. However, Anwar felt that Kent Huihand was warm. Why did Anwar and KentHui not feel the same sensation?A.Both hands in contact are inthermal equilibrium.
B.Heat is flowing from Ken Hui’s hand to Anawr’s hand
C.Heat is following fromAnwar’s hand to Kent Hui hand.
Section B: Answer all the questions by showing the calculation
1.The length of the mercury column at the ice point and steam point are 5.0 cm and 40.0cmrespectively. When the thermometer is immersed in the liquid P, the length of the mercurycolumn is 23.0 cm. What is the temperature of the liquid P?
Temperature, θ = l
θ
– l
0
x 100
0
Cl
100
– l
0
θ = 23 – 5 x 100
0
C40 - 5θ = 51.42
0
C
2.The length of the mercury column at the steam point and ice point and are 65.0 cm and5.0cm respectively. When the thermometer is immersed in the liquid Q, the length of themercury column is 27.0 cm. What is the temperature of the liquid Q?
Temperature, θ = l
θ
– l
0
x 100
0
Cl
100
– l
0
θ = 27 – 5 x 100
0
C65 - 5θ = 36.67
0
C
3

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