Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chemical Compounds(EDUCATIONPOINT.CO.CC)

Chemical Compounds(EDUCATIONPOINT.CO.CC)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,040 |Likes:
Published by rahu12362
class 9 10 notes
class 9 10 notes

More info:

Published by: rahu12362 on Aug 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
LECTURE NOTES – CHEMISTRY
 STEPS 
 
A
TCY
Program
 
 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 
 
 STEPS 
____________________________________________________________
 
Get free chapterwise tests for Class X
th
onwww.tcyonline.com
 
1
 
SOME IMPORTANT CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS
Washing Soda (Na
2
CO
3
. 10H
2
O)
Washing Soda is actually Sodium Carbonate decahydrate, (Na
2
CO
3
. 10H
2
O). In which tenmolecules of water of crystallization are present.
Soda Ash
(Na
2
CO
3
) – Anhydrous Sodium Carbonate is commonly known as Soda Ash. InIndia deposits of Soda are found in Dehradun, Mathura, Jaunpur, Varanasi in the form of reh or sajji.
Sodium Carbonate
is prepared on a large scale by Solvay Process (ammonia. soda.process)Raw materials used – NaCl, NH
3
, CaCO
3
 Sodium Chloride, ammonia & Calcium carbonate.
SOLVAY PROCESS:
NaCl + NH
3
+ H
2
O+ CO
2
 NH
4
Cl + NaHCO
3
 Ammoniacal brinereacts with carbondioxide to giveammonium chloride&Sodium hydrogen
 carbonate.
SATURATIONTANKNaCl + H
2
O +NH
3
 Ammoniacalbrine SolutionBRINELIME KILN
CaCO
3
 
 ⎯  ⎯→ ⎯ 
CaO+ CO
2
Calciumcarbonated isheated to releaseCalcium oxide &CO
2
AMMONIARECOVERYTOWERCa(OH)
2
 +NH
4
ClCaCl
2
+ 2NH
3
+2H
2
O
FILTER
CARBONATING TOWER
   C   O   O   L   I   N   G    A   M   M   O   N   I   C   A   L   B   R   I   N   E
 
CaO+H
2
OCa(OH)
2
 
   S   L   A   K   E   D   L   I   M   E
FILTER
NH
3
+ CO
2
(TRACES)
NH
4
Cl + a little NH
4
CO
3
 * concentrates “NaHCO
3
” & sends other chemical compounds to ammonia recovery towerCO
2
 
STEAM
 
LECTURE NOTES – CHEMISTRY
 STEPS 
 
A
TCY
Program
 
 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 
 
 STEPS 
____________________________________________________________
 
Get free chapterwise tests for Class X
th
onwww.tcyonline.com
 
2
Washing Soda:
 Washing Soda is a transparent, crystalline solid which is a major constituent of washingpowder.Chemical formula of Washing Soda is Na
2
CO
3
. 10H
2
OSodium Carbonate decahydrate.It is prepared by dissolving Sodium Carbonate crystals in water (limited).Na
2
CO
3
+ 10 H
2
O
Na
2
CO
3
. 10H
2
O
Efflorescence
:Some compounds which have water of crystallization when exposed to air loose them, thisproperty of loosing water of crystallization is termed efflorescence.For instance when crystals of washing soda are left in open in air, they lose molecules of  water of crystallization.Na
2
CO
3
. 10H
2
O
Na
2
CO
3
. H
2
O + 9H
2
O
Uses of Sodium Carbonate:
 1. Manufacture of glass, soap, paper & other sodium compounds.2. Removing permanent hardness.3. Laundry as washing soda.4. Domestic purposes as cleaning agent.5. as a laboratory reagent.
Baking Soda:
 1. Baking Soda is Sodium hydrogen carbonate.2. Chemical formula: NaHCO
3
 3. Commercially it is prepared from Solvay Process.
Properties:
 1. Crystals of Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate are white in colour.2. Sparingly soluble in water & solution is alkaline in nature.
Why Sodium Hydrogen carbonate is used in baking?
If a solution of Sodium hydrogen carbonate is boiled or heated, carbon dioxide is given off.Hence it is used as a constituent of baking powder to aerate the dough.2NaHCO
3
 
 ⎯  ⎯  ⎯  ⎯ 
Heat
Na
2
CO
3
+ H
2
O + CO
2
 Sodium SodiumHydrogen CarbonateCarbonate
 
LECTURE NOTES – CHEMISTRY
 STEPS 
 
A
TCY
Program
 
 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 
 
 STEPS 
____________________________________________________________
 
Get free chapterwise tests for Class X
th
onwww.tcyonline.com
 
3
Uses:
 1. used as an antacid.2. used as food additives in food (for baking) & drinks (effervescence)3. Used in fire extinguisher.
Bleaching Powder (CaOCl
2
):-
* Chemical name: Calcium oxy chlorideManufactured by the action of chlorine on dry slaked lime (Ca(OH)
2
)It is also called chloride of lime.Ca(OH)
2
+ Cl
2
 
CaOCl
2
+ H
2
OBleachingPowder
Properties:
 1. It is a yellowish white powder which smells of chlorine because it gradually loses itschlorine when left exposed to the air.2. CaOCl
2
+ CO
2
 
CaCO
3
+ Cl
2
 CaOCl
2
+ 2HCl
CaCl
2
+ H
2
O + Cl
2
 CaOCl
2
+ H
2
SO
4
 
CaSO
4
+ H
2
O + Cl
2
 
Uses:
 1. Used for bleaching cotton, linen, paper, wood pulp.2. Used as oxidising agent in many chemical industries.3. Used for disinfecting drinking water to make it free from germs.
Hasenclever plant for the manufacture of bleaching powder.

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
lè_lett liked this
whytep08 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->