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Chapter-4-Motion and Time Study

Chapter-4-Motion and Time Study

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Published by mtdesta

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Published by: mtdesta on Aug 15, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Chapter 4: Motion and Time Study
Motion and time study can reduce and control costs, improveworking conditions and environment, and motivate people.
The basic purpose is to improve the work and to reduce waste.1. Motion analysis techniques2. Time study techniques3. Uses of time standards.
Manufacturing management and engineering students are beingprepared to design work stations, develop efficient and effectivework methods, establish time standards, balance assembly lines,estimate labor costs, develop effective tooling, select proper equipment, and layout manufacturing facilities.
However, the most important thing is to learn how to trainproduction workers in these skills and techniques so they canbecome motion and time conscious.
 
Motion study offers a great potential for savings in any areaof human effort. We can reduce the cost by combiningelements of one task with elements of another.
Motion study uses the principles of motion economy todevelop work stations that are friendly to the human bodyand efficient in their operation.
Motion study must consider the operator’s safety
Time study can reduce cost significantly well. Timestandards are goals to strive for. In organizations thatoperate without time standards, 60% performance is typical.
When time standards are set, performance improves to anaverage of 85%. This is a 42% increase in performance: 
85 % - 60 %------------------ = 42% performance increase.60%
 
Incentive systems can improve performance even further.
Incentive system performances average 120%, that isanother 42% increase in performance:
 
120% - 85%---------------------- = 42% performance increase.85%
Manufacturing plants with no standards average 60% performance.
Manufacturing plants with time standards average 85% performance.
Manufacturing plants with incentive systems average 120%performance.
If additional production output is required, don’t buy moremachinery, don’t add a second shift, and don’t build
 
a newplant.
Just establish a motion and time study program.

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