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Science Formulas

Science Formulas

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Published by deenawants
Formula for science
Formula for science

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Published by: deenawants on Nov 23, 2013
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Physical Science: Tables & Formulas
SI Base Units
Base QuantityUnit NameUnit SymbolAmount of substancemoleMolElectric currentampereALengthmeterMLuminous intensitycandelaCdMasskilogramg!imesecondS!emperatureel"in 
SI Derived Units
#eri"ed QuantityName $Symbol%
E&pression in terms of other S' unitsE&pression in terms of S' base units
AreaS(uare meter $m
)
%*olumeCubic meter $m
+
%Speed,"elocityMeter per second $m,s%AccelerationMeter per second s(uared $m,s
)
%-re(uency.ert/ $./%s
01
-orceNe2ton $N%m
3
 kg
3
 s
0)
4ressure5 stress4ascal $4a%N
3
m
)
m
01
 
3
 kg
3
 s
0)
Energy5 2ork5 (uantity of heat6oule $6%N
3
 mm
)
 
3
 kg
3
 s
0)
4o2er7att $7%6,sm
)
 
3
 kg
3
 s
0+
Electric chargeCoulomb $C%00s
3
 AElectric potential difference*olt $*%7,A
m
2
·kg·s
-3
·A
-1
Electric resistance8hm $9%*,A
m
2
·kg·s
-3
·A
-2
Prefixes used to designate multiles of a base unit
PrefixSymbolMeaningMultiple of base unitScientific NotationteraTtrillion1!!!!!!!!!!!!1!
12
giga" billion1!!!!!!!!!1!
#
megaMMillion1!!!!!!1!
$
kilokT%ousan&1!!!1!
3
centic'ne %un&re&t%1(1!! or )!11!
-2
millim'ne t%ousan&t%1(1!!! or )!!11!
-3
microu'ne milliont%1(1!!!!!! or )!!!!!11!
-$
 Nanon'ne billiont%1(1!!!!!!!!! or )!!!!!!!!11!
-#
 picop'ne trilliont%1(1!!!!!!!!!!!! or)!!!!!!!!!!!11!
-12
 
In general! "hen converting from base units #m! l! g! etc$ or derived units #m
%
!m
! m's! ()! *! +! ,! etc$ to a multile greater #-ilo! mega! giga! or tera$ than the base or derived unit. then divide by the factor/ For examle: 01m 2 01'0111-m 2 0'011 -m 2 /10-m/ 3hen converting from base units or derived units to a multile smaller #centi! milli! micro! nano$ than the base or derived unit. then multily by the factor/ For examle: 01m 2 01 x 011cm 2 0111cm/
 
Subatomic Particles:
Particle*%argeMass+ocationProton,11nucleus Neutron!1nucleuslectron-1!'utsi&e t%e nucleus
4ommon 4ations:
.on Name /symbol0.on *%arge+it%ium /+i01,So&ium /Na01,Potassium /01,ubi&ium /b01,*esium /*s01,eryllium /e02,Magnesium /Mg02,*alcium /*a02,Strontium /Sr02,arium /a02,Aluminum /Al03,
4ommon 5nions:
lement Name /symbol0.on Name /symbol0.on *%arge4luorine4luori&e1-*%lorine*%lori&e1-romineromi&e1-.o&ine.o&i&e1-'xygen'xi&e2-SulfurSulfi&e2- NitrogenNitri&e3-
4ommon Polyatomic Ions:
.on Name.on 4ormula.on Name.on 4ormula*arbonate*'
32-
 NitriteN'
2-
*%lorate*l'
3-
P%osp%ateP'
53-
*yani&e*N
-
P%osp%iteP'
33-
6y&roxi&e'6
-
SulfateS'
52-
 NitrateN'
3-
SulfiteS'
32-
Prefixes for *aming 4ovalent 4omounds
 Number of AtomsPrefixNumber of AtomsPrefix1Mono$6exa27i86epta3Tri9'cta5Tetra#Nona:penta1!&eca
 
Tyes of 4hemical 6eactions:
Type of reaction"enerali;e& formulaSpecific xample*ombustion6* ,
8
)
 
 6
2
' , *'
2
 2*
2
6
$
 , 8'
2
 
 $6
2
' , 5*'
2
Synt%esisA , 
 A2Na , *l
2
 
 2Na*l7ecompositionA
 A , 26
2
'
 26
2
 , '
2
Single eplacementA , *
 A* , 2Al , 3*u*l
2
 
 3*u , 2Al*l
3
7ouble eplacementA< , =
 A= , <
4b$N8
+
%
)
 :  
)
Cr8
;
 4bCr8
;
: )N8
+
The 7ffects of 4hange on 78uilibrium in a 6eversible 6eaction #9e 4htelier;s Princile$
*on&itionffectTemperature.ncreasing temperature fa>ors t%e reaction t%at absorbs energy /en&ot%ermic0Pressure.ncreasing pressure fa>ors t%e reaction t%at pro&uces less gas)*oncentration.ncreasing conc) of one substance fa>ors reaction t%at pro&uces less of t%at substance
4ommon 5cids
Aci& 4ormula Strengt%6y&roc%loric /muriatic0 aci&6*lstrong Nitric aci& 6N'
3
strongSulfuric aci&6
2
S'
5
strongAcetic aci&*6
3
*''6?ea*itric aci&*
$
6
9
'
8
?eak 4ormic6*''6?ea
4ommon Bases
ase 4ormula Strengt%Potassium %y&roxi&e /potas%0'6strongSo&ium %y&roxi&e /lye0Na'6strong*alcium %y&roxi&e /lime0*a/'60
2
strongammoniaN6
3
?eak 
( scale
Strong aci&s
 more aci&ic
 ?eak aci&s Neutral@eak bases
 More basic
 strong bases!1235:$89#1!11121315
Tyes of *uclear 6adiation
a&iation TypeSymbol*%argeNuclear uationAlp%a particle
2 5
6e,2
9# 22:
Ac
 
98 221
4r ,
2 5
6e
eta particle
-1 !
e-1
$15
*
 
8 15
 N ,
-1 !
e
"ammaB!n(a

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