Point of view
· First person
· The period following Magwitch’s capture in Chapter 54, includingMagwitch’s death, Pip’s reconciliation with Joe, and Pip’s reunion with Estella elevenyears later
· Great Expectations contains a great deal of foreshadowing. Therepeated references to the convict (the man with the file in the pub, the attack on Mrs.Joe) foreshadow his return; the second convict on the marsh foreshadows the revelationof Magwitch’s conflict with Compeyson; the man in the pub who gives Pip moneyforeshadows the revelation that Pip’s fortune comes from Magwitch; Miss Havisham’swedding dress and her bizarre surroundings foreshadow the revelation of her past and her relationship with Estella; Pip’s feeling that Estella reminds him of someone he knowsforeshadows his discovery of the truth of her parentage; the fact that Jaggers is a criminallawyer foreshadows his involvement in Magwitch’s life; and so on. Moreover, theweather often foreshadows dramatic events: a storm brewing generally means there will be trouble ahead, as on the night of Magwitch’s return.
· Comic, cheerful, satirical, wry, critical, sentimental, dark, dramatic, foreboding,Gothic, sympathetic
· Ambition and the desire for self-improvement (social, economic, educational,and moral); guilt, criminality, and innocence; maturation and the growth from childhoodto adulthood; the importance of affection, loyalty, and sympathy over social advancementand class superiority; social class; the difficulty of maintaining superficial moral andsocial categories in a constantly changing world
· Crime and criminality; disappointed expectations; the connection betweenweather or atmosphere and dramatic events; doubles (two convicts, two secret benefactors, two invalids, etc.)
· The stopped clocks at Satis House symbolize Miss Havisham’s attempt tostop time; the many objects relating to crime and guilt (gallows, prisons, handcuffs, policemen, lawyers, courts, convicts, chains, files) symbolize the theme of guilt andinnocence; Satis House represents the upper-class world to which Pip longs to belong;Bentley Drummle represents the grotesque caprice of the upper class; Joe representsconscience, affection, loyalty, and simple good nature; the marsh mists represent danger and ambiguity.
Charles Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, and spent the first nine years of his lifeliving in the coastal regions of Kent, a county in southeast England. Dickens’s father,John, was a kind and likable man, but he was incompetent with money and piled up