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Intro Linux

Intro Linux

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Published by: Sushant_111 on Aug 17, 2009
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Introduction to Linux
A Hands on Guide
Machtelt Garrels
CoreSequence.com
<tille@coresequence.com>
Version 1.9 20040101 Edition
 
Table of Contents
Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................1
1. Why this guide?...................................................................................................................................12. Who should read this book?.................................................................................................................13. New versionsof this guide...................................................................................................................14. Revision History..................................................................................................................................15. Contributions.......................................................................................................................................26. Feedback..............................................................................................................................................37. Copyright inf ormation.........................................................................................................................38. What do you need?...............................................................................................................................39. Conventions used in this document.....................................................................................................310. Organizationof this document...........................................................................................................4
Chapter 1. What is Linux?.................................................................................................................................6
1.1. History..............................................................................................................................................61.1.1. UNIX.......................................................................................................................................61.1.2. Linus andLinux.......................................................................................................................71.1.3. Current application of Linux systems.....................................................................................81.2. The user interface..............................................................................................................................81.2.1. Is Linux difficult?....................................................................................................................81.2.2. Linux fornon−experienced users............................................................................................91.3. Does Linuxhave a future?................................................................................................................91.3.1. Open Source............................................................................................................................91.3.2. Ten yearsof experience at your service................................................................................101.4. Properties of Linux.........................................................................................................................111.4.1. Linux Pros.............................................................................................................................111.4.2. Linux Cons............................................................................................................................121.5. Linux Flavors..................................................................................................................................131.5.1. Linuxand GNU.....................................................................................................................131.5.2. GNU/ Linux............................................................................................................................141.5.3. Which distribution should I install?......................................................................................141.6. Summary.........................................................................................................................................151.7. Exercises.........................................................................................................................................15
Chapter 2. Quickstart.......................................................................................................................................17
2.1. Logging in, activating the user interface and logging out..............................................................172.1.1. Introduction...........................................................................................................................172.1.2. Graphicalmode.....................................................................................................................172.1.3. Text mode..............................................................................................................................192.2. Absolute basics...............................................................................................................................192.2.1. The commands......................................................................................................................192.2.2. General remarks....................................................................................................................202.2.3. Using Bash features...............................................................................................................212.3. Getting help.....................................................................................................................................222.3.1. Be warned..............................................................................................................................222.3.2. The man pages.......................................................................................................................222.3.3. More info...............................................................................................................................242.4. Summary.........................................................................................................................................272.5. Exercises.........................................................................................................................................27
Introduction to Linuxi
 
Chapter 2. Quickstart
2.5.1. Connecting and disconnecting...............................................................................................282.5.2. Passwords..............................................................................................................................282.5.3. Directories.............................................................................................................................282.5.4. Files.......................................................................................................................................292.5.5. Getting help...........................................................................................................................29
Chapter 3. About files andthe file system......................................................................................................30
3.1. General overview of the Linux file system.....................................................................................303.1.1. Files.......................................................................................................................................303.1.2. About partitioning.................................................................................................................313.1.3. More filesystem layout.........................................................................................................343.2. Orientation in the file system..........................................................................................................373.2.1. The path.................................................................................................................................373.2.2. Absoluteand relative paths...................................................................................................393.2.3. The mostimportant files and directories...............................................................................393.2.4. The most important configuration files.................................................................................423.2.5. The mostcommon devices....................................................................................................443.2.6. The mostcommon variable files...........................................................................................453.3. Manipulating files...........................................................................................................................463.3.1. Viewing f ile properties..........................................................................................................463.3.2. Creating and deleting files and directories............................................................................483.3.3. Finding files...........................................................................................................................523.3.4. More ways to view file content.............................................................................................563.3.5. Linking files..........................................................................................................................573.4. File security.....................................................................................................................................593.4.1. Access rights: Linux's first line of defense............................................................................593.4.2. The tools................................................................................................................................613.5. Summary.........................................................................................................................................643.6. Exercises.........................................................................................................................................663.6.1. Partitions................................................................................................................................663.6.2. Paths......................................................................................................................................663.6.3. Tour of the system.................................................................................................................663.6.4. Manipulating files..................................................................................................................673.6.5. File permissions.....................................................................................................................67
Chapter 4. Processes.........................................................................................................................................68
4.1. Processes insideout........................................................................................................................684.1.1. Multi−user and multi−tasking...............................................................................................684.1.2. Process types.........................................................................................................................684.1.3. Process attributes...................................................................................................................704.1.4. Displaying process information.............................................................................................714.1.5. Life and death of a process....................................................................................................734.1.6. SUID andSGID.....................................................................................................................754.2. Boot process, Init and shutdown.....................................................................................................764.2.1. Introduction...........................................................................................................................764.2.2. The boot process....................................................................................................................774.2.3. GRUB features......................................................................................................................77
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