depressed. In some off-road situations this safety fea-ture is not desirable.
(1) Disengage wire connector from clutch interlock safety switch, located under the instrument panelnext to the 100–way connector (Fig. 1).(2) Locate open by-pass connector, located next tothe 100–way connector.(3) Engage clutch interlock switch harness connec-tor into by-pass connector (Fig. 1).Reverse the preceding procedure to activate theClutch Interlock Safety Switch.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Leverage, clamping force, and friction are whatmake the clutch work. The disc serves as the frictionelement and a diaphragm spring and pressure plateprovide the clamping force. The clutch pedal, hydrau-lic linkage, release lever and bearing provide theleverage.The clutch cover assembly clamps the disc againstthe flywheel. The assembly consists of the cover, dia-phragm spring, pressure plate, and fulcrum compo-nents. The pressure plate clamps the clutch discagainst the flywheel and the spring provides theclamping force.The clutch disc friction material is riveted to thedisc hub. The hub bore is splined for installation onthe transmission input shaft. The hub splines con-nect the disc to the transmission.The clutch linkage uses hydraulic pressure to oper-ate the clutch. The clutch master cylinder push rod isconnected to the clutch pedal and the slave cylinderpush rod is connected to the release lever in theclutch housing.Depressing the clutch pedal develops fluid pressurein the clutch master cylinder. This pressure is trans-mitted to the slave cylinder through a connectingline. In turn, the slave cylinder operates the clutchrelease lever.The clutch release bearing is mounted on thetransmission front bearing retainer. The bearing isattached to the release lever, which moves the bear-ing into contact with the clutch cover diaphragmspring.Slave cylinder force causes the release lever tomove the release bearing into contact with the dia-phragm spring. As additional force is applied, thebearing presses the diaphragm spring fingers inwardon the fulcrums. This action moves the pressureplate rearward relieving clamp force on the disc. Theclutch disc is disengaged and freewheeling at thispoint.The process of clutch re-engagement is simply thereverse of what occurs during disengagement. Releas-ing pedal pressure removes clutch linkage pressure.The release bearing moves away from the diaphragmspring which allows the pressure plate to exertclamping force on the clutch disc.
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING
Unless the cause of a clutch problem is obvious,accurate problem diagnosis will usually require aroad test to confirm a problem. Component inspection(Fig. 2) will then be required to determine the actualproblem cause.During a road test, drive the vehicle at normalspeeds. Shift the transmission through all gearranges and observe clutch action. If chatter, grab,slip, or improper release is experienced, remove andinspect the clutch components. However, if the prob-lem is noise or hard shifting, further diagnosis maybe needed as the transmission or another drivelinecomponent may be at fault. Careful observation dur-ing the test will help narrow the problem area.
Fig. 1 Clutch Interlock Safety Switch By-Pass
6 - 2 CLUTCH
GENERAL INFORMATION (Continued)