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Muscle Origins and Insertions

Muscle Origins and Insertions

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Published by noisytaost
Chart of muscle origins and insertions. Text only; no graphics.
Chart of muscle origins and insertions. Text only; no graphics.

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Published by: noisytaost on Aug 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/05/2014

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MUSCLES OF FACIAL EXPRESSION
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 frontalis galea aponeurotica
 
skin of eybrows andnose
 
raises eyebrows,wrinkles forehead skinorbicularis oculi frontal and maxillaryboneskin of eyelid blinking, squinting,forceful closing of eyelidsorbicularis oris fibers of other mouthmusclesmuscles and skin atangle of the mouthcloses and protrudeslipsplatysma pectoralis and deltoidfascialower border of themandible, mouth skinand muscledepresses mandible,draws angle of mouthdownward, tightensskin of the neck
MUSCLES OF MASTICATION
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 masseter zygomatic arch
 
mandible
 
elevates mandibletemporalis temporal fossa of thetemporal bonecoronoid process of themandibleelevates and retractsmandible
MUSCLES OF THE NECK
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 Sternocleidomastoid manubrium of sternumand medial clavicle
 
mastoid process of thetemporal bone
 
both muscles actingtogether flex cervicalvertebral column,acting alone rotateshead to the oppositeside
 MUSCLES OF THE THORACIC WALL
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 pectoralis minor ribs 3-5
 
coracoid process of thescapula
 
depresses and pullsscapula anteriorly
 
external intercostals inferior border of ribs superior border of ribs elevate and expand ribcageinternal intercostals superior border of ribs inferior border of ribs depress rib cageserratus anterior ribs vertebral border of thescapuladraws scapula forwardalong thoracic wall,rotates scapula
 
 
MUSCLES OF THE ABDOMINAL WALL
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 external abdominalobliquelower eight ribs
 
linea alba, aponeurosisof the externalabdominal oblique
 
compresses abdominalcontents, assists inflexion and rotation of vertebral columninternal abdominalobliquelumbodorsal fascia,iliac crestlinea alba, aponeurosisof internal abdominalobliquesame as externalabdominal obliquerectus abdominis pubic crest and pubicsymphysisribs and xiphoidprocessflexes vertebralcolumn, compressesabdominal contents
MUSCLES OF THE PECTORAL GIRDLE
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 trapezius occipital bone, cervicaland thoracic vertebrae
 
lateral 1/3 of clavicleand scapular spine andacromion
 
elevates, depresses,rotates, adductsscapuladeltoid clavicle, acromion andspine of scapuladeltoid tuberosity of the humerusabducts; flexes andmedially rotates;extends and laterallyrotates armlatissimus dorsi lumbodorsal fascia viathoracic and lumbarvertebrae, sacrum,iliumintertubercular grooveof the humerusextends, adducts, andmedially rotates armpectoralis major sternum, clavicle, andribsgreater tubercle andalong intertuberculargroove of the humerus
 
flexes, mediallyrotates, and adductsarm
 
 
 
MUSCLES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SCAPULA
 
MUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 levator scapula transverse processes of cervical vertebrae
 
superior angle andvertebral border of thescapula
 
elevates scapula
 
rhomboid major andminorspinous processes of thoracic vertebraevertebral border of thescapulaadducts, rotatesscapulasupraspinatus supraspinous fossa of the scapulagreater tubercle of thehumerusarm abductioninfraspinatus infraspinous fossa of the scapulagreater tubercle of thehumeruslaterally rotates armteres major inferior angle of scapulalesser tubercle of thehumerusadducts, extends andmedially rotates armteres minor lateral border of scapulagreater tubercle of thehumeruslaterally rotates armsubscapularis subscapular fossa of the scapulalesser tubercle of thehumerusmedially rotates arm
MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR COMPARTMENT OF THE ARMMUSCLE
 
ORIGIN
 
INSERTION
 
ACTION
 biceps brachiilong headshort headsupraglenoid tubercleof the scapulacoracoid process of thescapularadial tuberosity of theradius
 
flexes arm andforearm, supinatesforearmbrachialis anterior humerus
 
coronoid process of theulnaflexes forearmcoracobrachialis coracoid process of thescapulamedial humerus flexes arm

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