RBS Chapter 7 – Layout design3. Processing requirements in terms of number of operations and amount of flow between the elements in that layout4. Space requirements for the elements in that layout5. Space availability within the facility itself, or if this is a new facility, possible building configurations.Before making a decision regarding physical arrangement, few questions must beaddressed.Can you guess some of the pertinent issues? Well, the first and foremost question could be:1.
What centers the layout should include
? Centers should reflect processdecisions and maximize productivity. For example, a central storage area for toolsis most efficient for certain processes, but keeping tools at individual workstationsmakes more sense for other processes.2.
How much space and capacity does each center need
? Inadequate space canreduce productivity, deprive employees of privacy, and even create health andsafety hazards. However, excessive space is wasteful, can reduce productivity,and can isolate employees unnecessarily.3.
How each center’s space should be configured
? The amount of space, its shape,and the elements in a center are interrelated. For example, placement of a desk and chair relative to the other furniture is determined by the size and shape of theoffice, as well as the activities performed there. Providing a pleasing atmospherealso should be considered as part of the layout configuration decisions, especiallyin retail outlets and offices.4.
Where each center should be located
? Location can significantly affect productivity. For example, employees who must frequently interact with oneanother face to face should be replaced in a central location rather than inseparate, remote locations to reduce time lost traveling back and forth.Dear friends, now we are in a position to focus on the main Layout Objectives2