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Tires and Wheels

Tires and Wheels

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Published by aw12345
1998 Jeep Wrangler TJ Factory Service Manual
1998 Jeep Wrangler TJ Factory Service Manual

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Published by: aw12345 on Aug 17, 2009
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12/12/2012

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TIRES AND WHEELS
CONTENTS
page page
TIRES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1WHEELS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
TIRES
INDEX
page page
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
RADIAL-PLY TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2REPLACEMENT TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3SPARE TIRE–TEMPORARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2TIRE INFLATION PRESSURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2TIRE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1TIRE PRESSURE FOR HIGH SPEEDOPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 3
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING
PRESSURE GAUGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3TIRE NOISE OR VIBRATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4TIRE WEAR PATTERNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3TREAD WEAR INDICATORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
SERVICE PROCEDURES
MATCH MOUNTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4REPAIRING LEAKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5ROTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
CLEANING AND INSPECTION
CLEANING TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
TIRE INFORMATION
Tires are designed and engineered for each specificvehicle. They provide the best overall performancefor normal operation. The ride and handling charac-teristics match the vehicles requirements. Withproper care they will give excellent reliability, trac-tion, skid resistance, and tread life.Driving habits have more effect on tire life thanany other factor. Careful drivers will obtain in mostcases, much greater mileage than severe use or care-less drivers. A few of the driving habits which willshorten the life of any tire are:
Rapid acceleration
Severe brake applications
High speed driving
Excessive speeds on turns
Striking curbs and other obstaclesRadial-ply tires are more prone to irregular treadwear. It is important to follow the tire rotation inter-val shown in the section on Tire Rotation. This willhelp to achieve a greater tread life.
TIRE IDENTIFICATION 
Tire type, size, aspect ratio and speed rating areencoded in the letters and numbers imprinted on theside wall of the tire. Refer to the chart to decipherthe tire identification code (Fig. 1).Performance tires have a speed rating letter afterthe aspect ratio number. The speed rating is notalways printed on the tire sidewall. The letter
S
indi-cates that the tire is speed rated up to 112 mph.
Q
up to 100 mph
T
up to 118 mph
U
up to 124 mph
H
up to 130 mph
V
up to 149 mph
Z
more than 149 mph (consult the tire manu-facturer for the specific speed rating)An All Season type tire will have either
M + S, M& S or M–S
(indicating mud and snow traction)imprinted on the side wall.
TIRE CHAINS 
Tire snow chains may be used on
certain
models.Refer to the Owner’s Manual for more information.
TJ
TIRES AND WHEELS 22 - 1
 
RADIAL-PLY TIRES
Radial-ply tires improve handling, tread life, ridequality and decrease rolling resistance.Radial-ply tires must always be used in sets ofour. Under no circumstances should they be used onthe front only. They may be mixed with temporaryspare tires when necessary. A maximum speed of 50MPH is recommended while a temporary spare is inuse.Radial-ply tires have the same load-carrying capac-ity as other types of tires of the same size. They alsouse the same recommended inflation pressures.The use of oversized tires, either in the front orrear of the vehicle, can cause vehicle drive train fail-ure. This could also cause inaccurate wheel speedsignals when the vehicle is equipped with Anti-Lock Brakes.The use of tires from different manufactures on thesame vehicle is NOT recommended. The proper tirepressure should be maintained on all four tires. Forproper tire pressure refer to the Tire Inflation Pres-sure Chart provided with the vehicle.
SPARE TIRE–TEMPORARY
The temporary spare tire is designed for emer-gency use only. The original tire should be repairedor replaced at the first opportunity and reinstall. Donot exceed speeds of 50 MPH. Refer to Owner’s Man-ual for complete details.
TIRE INFLATION PRESSURES
Under inflation will cause rapid shoulder wear, tireflexing, and possible tire failure (Fig. 2).Over inflation will cause rapid center wear andloss of the tire’s ability to cushion shocks (Fig. 3).Improper inflation can cause:
Uneven wear patterns
Reduced tread life
Reduced fuel economy
Unsatisfactory ride
Vehicle driftFor proper tire pressure specification refer to theTire Inflation Pressure Chart provided with the vehi-cle.Tire pressures have been chosen to provide safeoperation, vehicle stability, and a smooth ride. Tirepressure should be checked cold once a month. Tirepressure decreases as the ambient temperature
Fig. 1 Tire Identification Fig. 2 Under Inflation Wear Fig. 3 Over Inflation Wear 
22 - 2 TIRES AND WHEELS
TJ
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (Continued)
 
drops. Check tire pressure frequently when ambienttemperature varies widely.Inflation pressures specified on the placards arecold inflation pressure. The vehicle must sit for atleast 3 hours to obtained the correct cold inflationpressure reading. Or driven less than one mile aftersitting for 3 hours. Tire inflation pressures mayincrease from 2 to 6 pounds per square inch (psi)during operation. Do not reduce this normal pressurebuild-up.
WARNING: OVER OR UNDER INFLATED TIRESCAN AFFECT VEHICLE HANDLING AND TREADWEAR. THIS MAY CAUSE THE TIRE TO FAIL SUD-DENLY, RESULTING IN LOSS OF VEHICLE CON-TROL.
TIRE PRESSURE FOR HIGH SPEED OPERATION
Chrysler Corporation advocates driving at safespeeds within posted speed limits. Where speed lim-its allow the vehicle to be driven at high speeds, cor-rect tire inflation pressure is very important. Forspeeds up to and including 120 km/h (75 mph), tiresmust be inflated to the pressures shown on the tireplacard. For continuous speeds in excess of 120 km/h(75 mph), tires must be inflated to the maximumpressure specified on the tire sidewall.Vehicles loaded to the maximum capacity shouldnot be driven at continuous speeds above 75 mph(120 km/h).For emergency vehicles that are driven at speedsover 90 mph (144 km/h), special high speed tiresmust be used. Consult tire manufacturer for correctinflation pressure recommendations.
REPLACEMENT TIRES
The original equipment tires provide a proper bal-ance of many characteristics such as:
Ride
Noise
Handling
Durability
Tread life
Traction
Rolling resistance
Speed capabilityIt is recommend that tires equivalent to the origi-nal equipment tires be used when replacement isneeded.Failure to use equivalent replacement tires mayadversely affect the safety and handling of the vehi-cle.The use of oversize tires not listed in the specifica-tion charts may cause interference with vehicle com-ponents. Under extremes of suspension and steeringtravel, interference with vehicle components maycause tire damage.
WARNING: FAILURE TO EQUIP THE VEHICLE WITHTIRES HAVING ADEQUATE SPEED CAPABILITYCAN RESULT IN SUDDEN TIRE FAILURE.
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING
PRESSURE GAUGES
A quality air pressure gauge is recommended tocheck tire pressure. After checking the air pressure,replace valve cap finger tight.
TREAD WEAR INDICATORS
Tread wear indicators are molded into the bottomof the tread grooves. When tread depth is 1.6 mm(1/16 in.), the tread wear indicators will appear as a13 mm (1/2 in.) band.Tire replacement is necessary when indicatorsappear in two or more grooves or if localized baldingoccurs (Fig. 4).
TIRE WEAR PATTERNS
Under inflation will cause wear on the shoulders of tire. Over inflation will cause wear at the center otire.Excessive camber causes the tire to run at anangle to the road. One side of tread is then wornmore than the other (Fig. 5).Excessive toe-in or toe-out causes wear on thetread edges and a feathered effect across the tread(Fig. 5).
Fig. 4 Tread Wear Indicators 
TJ
TIRES AND WHEELS 22 - 3
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (Continued)

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