Automatic Account Determination
This is perhaps the part that causes the most heartache for the FI Configurer. For somereason, although it is an integration area, the FI team always ends up with responsibility for it. To do a good job you need a reasonable understanding of :1.the business processes in the source modules2.the FI account postings that they should be generating (what sort of account shouldbe debited or credited etc)3.the organisation structure and its relationships between the source modules4.the reporting requirements that are expected from the General Ledger or Profit CentreAccounting5.your chart of accountsSounds daunting doesn't it ? Here is a suggested approach ...The IMG section under
GL / business transactions / integration
will take you through allthe necessary account determination for the automatic postings that the system may need topost. You may not need all of these.You could maintain on an
basis. As theproject teams test or prototype their expanding functionality, the SAP system will look for theaccounts to which it should post. The error message and the SAP documentation andconfiguration does not always explain clearly which piece of account determination is usedfor which type of functionality, so it is sometimes difficult to be pro-active.Being reactive has the benefit that hopefully each side (eg: MM and FI) can develop anunderstanding of what the business transaction is and therefore where it should be posting.Otherwise the MM person may not even be aware that he has generated a certain type of posting ! (You'd be amazed at some of the lack of ownership from a logistics consultant for the financial postings that they generate).I will be explaining each account determination area simply and clearly with postingexamples
More later - This may take a while to complete........
In the meantime, some general warnings:
Whenever you change the field status settings for an account, ensure that you haveverified that any automatic postings will be able to meet the requirements. EG: do notmake business area mandatory if your system may make a posting which cannotdetermine and post the business area.
Consider specifying that accounts that are posted to automatically can
be postedto automatically. This will simplify reconciliation between the source module and theGL account should you need to do this.
SD-FI Account Determination and Postings
This is known in the IMG as "revenue account determination", but it covers a lot more thanthat (discounts, taxes etc). This is what determines how the financial impact of your SDBilling document is posted into the FI General Ledger.