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folio science form 1 2009 hsbm biodiversity

folio science form 1 2009 hsbm biodiversity

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nie folio sains form 1 2009 kt hsbm iaitu high school bukit mertajam....
nie folio sains form 1 2009 kt hsbm iaitu high school bukit mertajam....

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Published by: hsbm student on Aug 17, 2009
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10/10/2012

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There are
2
main groups of animal
a) Vertebrates
Animals in this group have
backbones.b) Invertebrates 
Animals in this group
do not have backbones.
 The number of invertebrates is much more than the number of vertebrates. It is estimated that there are 1 200 000 types of invertebrates but there are only about 47 000 types of vertebrates.
 The classification of animals is shown in the diagram. Mammals donot haveFish backbonesReptiles use externalBirdsskeletal systemAmphibianswhich comprisesBackbonesof hard outershellUse internal skeletal or special bodysystem to supportfluids to supporttheir body their bodies
1.Vertebrates are classified based on their common characteristics.a)
Habitats
i Where they live naturallyb) Warm-blooded (
homoeothermic
) or cold-blooded (
poikilothermic
)i Warm-blooded animals can maintain their body temperature regardless environment.VertebratesInvertebratesanimals
 
ii The body temperature of cold-blooded animals changes with their environment.C)
 Ways of movement
i This involves the organ and the mechanism for movement.D)
The nature of body surface
i The body covering of an organisms is influenced by its environment.E)
Breathing organ
i Breathing mechanism differs in animals living on land or in water.F)
Type of fertilization
i This involves external or internal fertilization.
INVERTEBRATES
1.Animals that do not have backbones are called invertebrates such asearthworm, cockroach, prawn, mosquito, ect.2.Most of the invertebrates have small and simple body structures.3.Some invertebrates obtain support from HYDROSTATIC SKELETON thatis the fluid inside their body. The pressure applied by the fluid towards theinner part of the skin gives support and shape to the animal.4.Some invertebrates have exoskeletons.5.Invertebrates are divided into 2 groups.a) Invertebrates that have jointed legsb) Invertebrates that do not have jointed legsInfo>>Jointed legs: 3, 4 or more than 4 of jointed legs.No jointed legs: Worm-like invertebrates and non-worm-like invertebrates.
Invertebrates with jointed legs
1. Their body is divided into many parts called segments.2.
Their body is protected by a hard exoskeleton.
INVERTEBRATES WITHOUT JOINTED LEGS
1.
Animals in this group consists of: a) worm-like invertebratesi Some of them have segmented body whilesome do not have segmented bodyii Some examples are flatworm and earthworm.b) Non-worm-like invertebratesi Some examples are jellyfish, snail and starfish.
 
Organisms exist in different shapes and sizes.
Living organisms have common generalcharacteristics in order to survive in their specifichabitats.
 
CONSUME FOOD>>
FOOD IS NEEDED BY ALL LIVING ORGANISMS AS ASOURCE OF ENERGY AS WELL AS FOR GROWTH
MOVEMENT>>
ANIMALS MOVE FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER INSEARCH OF FOOD, MATE OR PROTECTION.
GROWTH PROCESS>>
ALL ORGANISMS UNDERGO GROWINGPROCESSES.
RESPONSE>>
ALL ORGANISMS CAN DETECT AND RESPOND TO CHANGESIN THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
RESPIRATION>>
PLANTS TAKE IN CARBON DIOXIDE AND RELEASEOXYGEN DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
REPRODUCTION>>
LIVING THINGS PRODUCE OFFSPRING TO ENSURETHEIR SPECIES.
EXCRETION>>
ORGANISMS MUST EXPEL WASTE PRODUCT FROM THEIR BODY.RESPIRATIONREPRODUCTIONEXCRETIONRESPONSECONSUMEFOODMOVEMENT
GROWTH

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