meaning "crooked") is a medical condition inwhich a person'sspineis curved from side to side, shaped like an "
", and may alsobe rotated. To adults it can be very painful. It is an abnormal lateral curvature of thespine. On an x-ray, the spine of an individual with a typical scoliosis may look more likean "S" or a "C" than a straight line.
It is typically classified as: 1.)
(caused by vertebral anomalies presentat birth), 2.)
(sub-classified as infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or adultaccording to when onset occurred), 3.)
( associated with conditions suchas poliomyelitis,cerebral palsy, paralysis and neurofibromatosis), 4.)
(rusultsfrom conditions such as muscular dystrophy and myopathies), and 5.)
(results from conditions such as fractures, bone diseases, arthritis and infection).
Girls: After 9-10 years old
Boys: After 11-12 years old3.Gender
Boys and girls affected equally
Girls are much more likely to significantly progress
IV.Anatomy and Physiology
The Spinal Column
The spinal column consists of individual bones called
thebuilding blocks, which provide support for the spine. These vertebrae areconnected in the front of the spine by
. Discs are very strongtissues, which are filled with a gel. Discs help to support the spine, and also allowit to move. Many
ligaments and muscles
attached to the back of the spine(posterior aspect)
provide power for movement.
Vertebrae in the Spinal Column